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In order to find out whether high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) might be useful against hepatocellular carcinoma, we analyzed the effect of a microbubble agent (Levovist) on the temperature rise and tissue necrosis induced by HIFU. Rabbits were given 7 ml Levovist (300 mg/ml) or saline intravenously. Up to six areas per rabbit liver were exposed to(More)
A polyacrylamide (PAA) gel containing egg white as a new model for irradiation experiments in high-intensity focused ultrasound HIFU is introduced. The gel is transparent except in thermally necrosed regions which are white. The model is similar to, and has the same benefits as, gels containing bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein, but egg is less expensive(More)
In this paper, we investigate the effects of the hydrocarbon chain length of lipid molecules on the permeation process of small molecules through lipid bilayers. We perform molecular-dynamics simulations using three kinds of lipid molecules with different chain length: dilauroylphosphatidylcholine, dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, and(More)
In the medical ultrasound field, microbubbles have recently been the subject of much interest. Controlling actively the effect of the microbubbles, a novel therapeutic method has been investigated. In this paper, our works on high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) lithotripsy with cavitating microbubbles are reviewed and the cavitation detection method to(More)
Deformation, orientation and internal flow of lipid bilayer vesicles in linear shear flows are investigated using phase contrast microscopy. We construct a rotating-cylinder apparatus, which can generate a linear shear flow with constant shear rates. Vesicles are prepared from 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) by the gentle hydration method.(More)
A new method for fluoroscopic tracking of a proximal bone fragment in femoral fracture reduction is presented. The proposed method combines 2-D and 3-D image registration from single-view fluoroscopy with tracking of the head center position of the proximal femoral fragment to improve the accuracy of fluoroscopic registration without the need for repeated(More)
Cloud cavitation is potentially the most destructive form of cavitation. When the cloud cavitation is acoustically forced into a collapse, it has the potential to concentrate a very high pressure, more than 100 times the acoustic pressure, at its center. We experimentally investigate a method to control the collapse of high intensity focused ultrasound(More)
Recently, lithotripsy (kidney stone treatment) using HIFU (high intensity focused ultrasound) was developed by researchers in therapeutic ultrasound field. The lithotripsy crushes kidney stones powder, therefore, do not harm to the surrounding tissues of the kidney stones. However, it is necessary to continuously emit high intensity ultrasound waves on a(More)