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Hairy roots of snapdragon (Antirrhinum ma-jus L.: Scrophulariaceae) induced by a wild-type strain of Agrobacterium rhizogenes were cultured on media containing various concentrations of a phosphinothricin-based herbicide, bialaphos, or plant growth regulators (PGRs). Adventitious shoot regeneration from hairy roots was observed with a low frequency (10%) on(More)
The microRNA319 (miR319) family is conserved among diverse plant species. In rice (Oryza sativa L.), the miR319 gene family is comprised of two members, Osa-miR319a and Osa-miR319b. We found that overexpressing Osa-miR319b in rice resulted in wider leaf blades and delayed development. Here, we focused on the biological function and potential molecular(More)
 Mature ovules of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) were histologically observed by clearing and serial sectioning to characterize the cells of the embryo sac. The results show that the mature embryo sac was located deep inside the hemitropous ovule due to thick nucellar tissue at the micropylar region. For the isolation of the embryo sacs, ovules were collected(More)
Frozen animal tissues without cryoprotectant have been thought to be inappropriate for use as a nuclear donor for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). We report the cloning of a bull using cells retrieved from testicles that had been taken from a dead animal and frozen without cryoprotectant in a -80 degrees C freezer for 10 years. We obtained live cells(More)
Hypocotyl-derived protoplasts of Dianthus barbatus that had been pretreated with iodoacetamide were fused electrically with cell suspension culture-derived protoplasts of Gypsophila paniculata that could divide to form callus but could not regenerate shoots under the culture conditions used in this study. Electrofusion-derived calli which produced shoots(More)
Methods have been developed to isolate gametes of higher plants and to fertilize them in vitro. Zygotes, embryos, fertile plants and endosperm can now be obtained from in vitro fusion of pairs of sperm and egg cells and of pairs of sperm and central cells, respectively. This allows examination of the earliest developmental processes precisely timed after(More)
Adventitious shoot regeneration was compared among leaf, stem and petal explants of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) cv. Scania on MS medium containing different concentrations of 6-benzyladenine (BA) and α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). High frequency regeneration was obtained only from petal explants on the media containing 5 to 10 μM BA with or(More)
Friable calli were induced on leaf segments of Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl. on B5 medium containing 1 mg l−1 2,4-D and 2 g l−1 casein hydrolysate. Cell suspension cultures were readily established from these friable calli and protoplasts could be isolated from the cells with yields of 1–3×107/g f. wt.. By culturing in 0.1 % gellan gum-solidified B5 medium(More)
Ploidy level and geographical distribution were investigated in Japanese Lonicera caerulea L. Flow cytometric analysis revealed the presence of DNA diploid and DNA tetraploid plants in Japan. Chromosome observation confirmed that diploid and tetraploid plants showed 2n = 2x = 18 and 2n = 4x = 36, respectively. The DNA diploid populations were found only in(More)
AIMS To develop a procedure for isolating living egg cells and zygotes from Alstroemeria ovules. SCOPE An attempt was made to isolate egg cells and zygotes from the ovules of Alstroemeria aurea. The ovules were histologically observed using a clearing procedure which revealed the localization and sizes of the embryo sacs and egg apparatus within the(More)