Yoichi Yamazaki

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Mutating arginine 52 to glutamine (R52Q) in photoactive yellow protein (PYP) increases the pK(a) of the chromophore by 1 pH unit. The structure of the R52Q PYP mutant was determined by X-ray crystallography and was compared to the structure of wild-type PYP to assess the role of R52 in pK(a) regulation. The essential differences between R52Q and the wild(More)
A considerable number of functional proteins are unstructured under physiological condition. These "intrinsically disordered" proteins exhibit induced folding when they bind their targets. The induced folding comprises two elementary processes: folding and binding. Two mechanisms are possible for the induced folding: either folding before binding or binding(More)
The role of the C-terminal region of Staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) was examined by deletion mutation. Deletions up to eight residues do not affect the structure and function. The structure and enzymatic activity were partially lost by deleting Ser141-Asn149 (Delta141-149), and deletion of Trp140-Asn149 (Delta140-149) resulted in further loss of structure(More)
Photoactive yellow protein (PYP) is photoconverted to its putative active form (PYP(M)) with global conformational change(s). The changes in the secondary structure were studied by far-UV circular dichroism (CD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy using PYP, which lacks N-terminal 6, 15, or 23 amino acid residues (T6, T15, and T23,(More)
The exact positions of all the hydrogen atoms in photoactive yellow protein (PYP) is important for understanding the molecular mechanism of the photoreaction because the protonation/deprotonation of certain amino acid residues and rearrangements in the hydrogen bond network are involved in the conformational changes of PYP. Neutron crystallography is one of(More)
Halorhodospira halophila is a halophilic photosynthetic bacterium classified as a purple sulfur bacterium. We found that H. halophila generates hydrogen gas during photoautotrophic growth as a byproduct of a nitrogenase reaction. In order to consider the applied possibilities of this photobiological hydrogen generation, we cloned and characterized the(More)
of the displayed information, the importance and the degree of certainty of the information should be communicated along with the main content. The proposed intent expression system aims at conveying this additional information using the eye robot system. Eye motions are represented as the states in a pleasure-arousal space model. Changes in the model state(More)