Yoichi Yamazaki

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It is widely accepted that PYP undergoes global structural changes during the formation of the biologically active intermediate PYP(M). High-angle solution x-ray scattering experiments were performed using PYP variants that lacked the N-terminal 6-, 15-, or 23-amino-acid residues (T6, T15, and T23, respectively) to clarify these structural changes. The(More)
A considerable number of functional proteins are unstructured under physiological condition. These "intrinsically disordered" proteins exhibit induced folding when they bind their targets. The induced folding comprises two elementary processes: folding and binding. Two mechanisms are possible for the induced folding: either folding before binding or binding(More)
The role of the C-terminal region of Staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) was examined by deletion mutation. Deletions up to eight residues do not affect the structure and function. The structure and enzymatic activity were partially lost by deleting Ser141-Asn149 (Delta141-149), and deletion of Trp140-Asn149 (Delta140-149) resulted in further loss of structure(More)
We investigated the role of W140 in the folding of Staphylococcal nuclease. For this purpose, we constructed the 19 possible substitution mutations at residue 140. Only three mutants, W140F, W140H, and W140Y, adopted native-like structures under physiological conditions and showed native-like enzymatic activities. In contrast, the other 16 mutants took on(More)
Mutating arginine 52 to glutamine (R52Q) in photoactive yellow protein (PYP) increases the pK(a) of the chromophore by 1 pH unit. The structure of the R52Q PYP mutant was determined by X-ray crystallography and was compared to the structure of wild-type PYP to assess the role of R52 in pK(a) regulation. The essential differences between R52Q and the wild(More)
Photoactive yellow protein (PYP) is photoconverted to its putative active form (PYP(M)) with global conformational change(s). The changes in the secondary structure were studied by far-UV circular dichroism (CD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy using PYP, which lacks N-terminal 6, 15, or 23 amino acid residues (T6, T15, and T23,(More)
Halorhodospira halophila is a halophilic photosynthetic bacterium classified as a purple sulfur bacterium. We found that H. halophila generates hydrogen gas during photoautotrophic growth as a byproduct of a nitrogenase reaction. In order to consider the applied possibilities of this photobiological hydrogen generation, we cloned and characterized the(More)