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The flavor of glutathione (gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine, GSH) was examined by several sensory evaluations. The measurement of a point of subjective equality (PSE) showed that the peptide increases the flavor characteristics but did not affect the intensity of basic tastes, such as sweetness, saltiness, sourness, and umami. However, the threshold(More)
It is well known that a strong synergistic interaction of umami occurs between L-alpha-amino acids with an acidic side chain, such as L-Glu or L-Asp, and 5'-mononucleotides, such as inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP). We tested taste interactions between various L-alpha-amino acids and IMP by the psychophysical method and found that taste enhancement occurred(More)
Sulfur-containing components in an ethanol extract and boiled water extract of onion (Allium cepa L.) were analyzed by HPLC. Trans-(+)-S-propenyl-l-cysteine sulfoxide (PeCSO) and its γ-glutamyl peptide (γ-Glu-PeCSO) were the major constituents in the ethanol extract, whereas cycloalliin was the most abundant one in the boiled water extract. The large amount(More)
A new microspectrofluorometric technique for measuring the ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP)1A1 in single living cells is described. The system, which uses a perfusion chamber and an HPLC pump, allowed cells to be stained, fixed, blocked, and washed by injecting each treatment solution into the on-line carrier stream of(More)
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