Learn More
Chronological changes in the chromosome aberration rates of splenocytes from specific-pathogen-free (SPF) mice after continuous and long-term exposure to low-dose-rate gamma rays were studied. Incidences of dicentrics plus centric rings (Dic+Rc), detected by conventional Giemsa staining, and dicentric chromosomes, detected by fluorescence in situ(More)
Mammalian genomes contain numerous evolutionary harbored mobile elements, a part of which are still active and may cause genomic instability. Their movement and positional diversity occasionally result in phenotypic changes and variation by causing altered expression or disruption of neighboring host genes. Here, we describe a novel microarray-based method(More)
Based on the results of previous microarray analyses of murine NIH3T3/PG13Luc cells irradiated with continuous low-dose-rate (LDR) gamma-ray or end-high-dose-rate-irradiations (end-HDR) at the end of the LDR-irradiation period, the inverse dose-rate-effects on gene expression levels were observed. To compare differences of the effects between(More)
Systemic distribution of colloidal carbon injected by different routes was examined microscopically at 24 hr postinjection, After intravenous injection, carbon was mildly distributed in postcapillary venules of systemic lymph nodes, in addition to heavy deposition in the liver, spleen and bone marrow. Carbon was deposited also in lymphatic sinuses of(More)
Both prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-dependent (indomethacin-sensitive) and PGE2-independent (indomethacin-insensitive) suppressor cell activities that inhibited mitogenic T cell blastogenesis appeared in the bone marrow and spleen of mice on days 20 to 30 following transplantation of NFSA fibrosarcoma molecularly expressing mRNA for both macrophage (M) and(More)
Paclitaxel (Taxol), a yew-derived antimitotic agent which binds to microtubules, can mimic certain effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on macrophages from LPS responder mouse strains. The production of nitric oxide (NO) by the peritoneal macrophages of LPS responder C3H/HeN mice stimulated with taxol or LPS was partially, but not completely, suppressed by(More)
In vivo modulation of gene expression profiles after low-dose and low-dose-rate irradiation has been observed in a variety of experimental systems. However, few studies actually investigated the underlying mechanisms for these genetic responses. In this study, we used pre-existing microarray data and searched for gene modulations in response to long-term,(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AM) from normal rats were separated into 4 different density fractions by centrifugation on a discontinuous Percoll gradient. These fractionated (I-IV) AM, as well as unfractionated (UF) AM, were then tested for their capacities to regulate mitogen-induced T cell proliferation. Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced response of nylon(More)
Radiation-induced thymic lymphoma in mice is a useful model for studying both the mechanism of radiation carcinogenesis and genetic susceptibility to tumor development. Using array-comparative genomic hybridization, we analyzed genome-wide changes in DNA copy numbers in radiation-induced thymic lymphomas that had developed in susceptible C57BL/6 and(More)
Previously, we found that murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (MO) induced in vitro by MO-specific colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) have little capacity to release prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and other eicosanoids. This work focused on the functional and transcriptional expression of the key enzymes for the PGE2 synthesis in the MO. Nonadherent bone marrow(More)