Yoichi Niitsu

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CS-747 (prasugrel, LY640315) is a member of the thienopyridine class of oral platelet aggregation inhibitors that includes ticlopidine and clopidogrel. A single oral administration of CS-747 produced a dose-related inhibition of platelet aggregation in rats that was approximately 10- and 100-fold more potent than that of clopidogrel and ticlopidine,(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Prasugrel is a novel orally active thienopyridine prodrug with potent and long-lasting antiplatelet effects. Platelet inhibition reflects inhibition of P2Y(12) receptors by its active metabolite (AM). Previous studies have shown that the antiplatelet potency of prasugrel is at least 10 times higher than that of clopidogrel in rats and(More)
Prasugrel is a novel orally active thienopyridine with faster, higher and more reliable inhibition of platelet aggregation than clopidogrel reflecting its metabolism in vivo to an active metabolite with selective P2Y(12) antagonistic activity. Several lines of evidence support the contention that prasugrel provides selective P2Y(12) receptor antagonistic(More)
The temporary three-vessel occlusion (3VO) technique with a surgical approach for middle cerebral artery (MCA) produces consistent cerebral infarction in the neocortex in normotensive rats. The intraluminal thread-occlusion technique with an endovascular approach targeting the MCA occlusion (MCAO) is more widely used since it does not require complicated(More)
Antiplatelet and antithrombotic activity of multiple oral dosing of prasugrel were evaluated in several animal species. Prasugrel's active metabolite concentration-relatedly inhibited in vitro ADP-induced aggregation of rat, rabbit, dog, monkey and human platelets. Oral administration of prasugrel to dogs (0.03-0.3 mg/kg/day) and monkeys (0.1 and 0.3(More)
We evaluated the effects of ministrokes targeted to individual pial arterioles on motor function in Thy-1 line 18 channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) transgenic mice within the first hours after ischemia. Using optogenetics, we directly assessed both the excitability and motor output of cortical neurons in a manner independent of behavioral state or training.(More)
Prasugrel is an orally available thienopyridyl prodrug with more potent in vivo antiplatelet effects compared to clopidogrel. In the present study, we examined the effects of prasugrel in rat models of cerebral and peripheral arterial occlusive diseases. Cerebral arterial thrombosis was induced by photochemical irradiation of the middle cerebral artery.(More)
We evaluated the effects of prasugrel, a third-generation thienopyridyl prodrug, on P2Y12 receptors, adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation, and myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. Oral administration of prasugrel (0.3-3 mg/kg) resulted in the dose-related inhibition of washed platelet aggregation induced by ADP (1-10 μM). Ex vivo(More)
To develop a novel and effective anticoagulant with potent and selective factor Xa (FXa) inhibitory activity, a new series of cinnamyl derivatives with enhanced lipophilicity and prodrug forms were synthesized and their biological activities were evaluated. As a result, we found that cinnamyl derivative(More)
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