Yoichi Nakanishi

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Germline LKB1 mutations cause Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, a hereditary disorder that predisposes to gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyposis and several types of malignant tumors. Somatic LKB1 alterations are rare in sporadic cancers, however, a few reports showed the presence of somatic alterations in a considerable fraction of lung cancers. To determine the(More)
The decrease in estrogen in menopausal women increases body fat. The present studies were undertaken to investigate the involvement of estrogen in leptin production in vivo. In the first study, expression of ob gene mRNA in white adipose tissue was measured at 2 and 8 weeks after ovariectomy in rats. In the second, serum leptin concentration was measured in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical trials have shown that immune-checkpoint blockade yields a clinical response in a subset of individuals with advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined whether the expression of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is related to clinicopathologic or prognostic factors in patients with surgically resected NSCLC. (More)
High mobility group box1 protein (HMGB1) was originally discovered as a nuclear binding protein, and is known to play an important role in acute lung injury. However, the role of HMGB1 in pulmonary fibrosis has not been addressed. Therefore, we measured the HMGB1 levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) from patients with idiopathic(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) is an important negative regulator for cytokines; however, the role of SOCS1 in Th17 differentiation has not been clarified. We generated T cell-specific SOCS1-deficient mice and found that these mice were extremely resistant to a Th17-dependent autoimmune disease model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.(More)
BACKGROUND Several components of overall lung carcinogenesis, carcinogen metabolic and DNA repair pathways may be involved in individual genetic susceptibility to lung cancer. METHODS We evaluated the role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 rs4646903 and rs104894, glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 and GSTT1 deletion polymorphisms, GSTP1 rs1695, x-ray repair,(More)
BACKGROUND The Japan Lung Cancer Society, the Japanese Association for Chest Surgery, and the Japanese Respiratory Society jointly established the Japanese Joint Committee for Lung Cancer Registration, which has regularly conducted lung cancer registries for surgical cases in 5-year periods. We analyzed data obtained in these registries to reveal the most(More)
To evaluate the role of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and to determine the influence of antithrombin, protein C, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 on multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and outcome in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), we made a prospective cohort study. The study subjects consisted of(More)
Vacuolar H+-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase is a single-protein enzyme and uses a simple substance as an energy donor. Functional domains of the enzyme were investigated by using antibodies specific to peptides corresponding to the putative substrate-binding site (DVGADLVGKVE) in the hydrophilic loop and the carboxyl terminal part. The antibody to(More)
Chloroplast cyclophilin has been identified as a potential candidate of enzymes in chloroplasts that are regulated by thioredoxin (Motohashi, K., Kondoh, A., Stumpp, M. T., and Hisabori, T. (2001) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 98, 11224-11229). In the present study we found that the peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase activity of cyclophilin is fully(More)