Yohtaro Sakakibara

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In the rabbit iris sphincter muscle, electrical transmural stimulation produced fast and slow components of contraction which were markedly attenuated by tetrodotoxin. The fast component was augmented by physostigmine and was abolished by atropine, while the slow component was little affected. Adrenergic and ganglionic blocking agents did not inhibit the(More)
The effects of optically pure d-nicotine were investigated as compared with those of the l-isomer. d-Nicotine showed qualitatively the same effects as the l-isomer in the ganglionic or neuromuscular sites and the relative potency of the d-isomer was approximately 0.06 in the case of rat blood pressure (elevation), approximately 0.2 in the cat superior(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is now generally accepted as an endogenous pyrogenic mediator of fever induction. IL-1 induces fever by means of activation of arachidonate metabolism in the brain. However, whether circulating IL-1 enters the brain or not, further, the question of where is the action site of circulating IL-1 on the brain, have not been clearly(More)
Since hypertension and/or hyperglycemia are risk factors for stroke, we examined whether the putative neuroprotectant, nicotinamide (NAm), could protect spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) or diabetic Fischer 344 rats against focal cerebral ischemia using a model of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). Intravenous NAm given 2 h after MCAo(More)
Using [35S]PAPS as the sulfate donor, we have detected a sulfotransferase from bovine heart which catalyzes the sulfation of tyrosine-containing peptides. The enzyme displayed optimal activity at pH 5.75 and 35 degrees C in a one-hour reaction. The addition of 10 mM Mn2+ or Co2+ to the reaction mixture increased the sulfotransferase activity by 3.4- and(More)
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