Yohei Tominaga

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APEX2/APE2 is a secondary mammalian apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease that associates with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and the progression of S phase of the cell cycle is accompanied by its expression. To determine the biologic significance of APEX2, we established APEX2-null mice. These mice were about 80% the size of their wild-type(More)
Cellular DNA is constantly exposed to the risk of oxidation. 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) is one of the major DNA lesions generated by oxidation, which is primarily corrected by base excision repair. When it is not repaired prior to replication, replicative DNA polymerases yield misinsertion of an adenine (A) opposite the 8-oxoG on the template strand, generating(More)
MUTYH is a mammalian DNA glycosylase that initiates base excision repair by excising adenine opposite 8-oxoguanine and 2-hydroxyadenine opposite guanine, thereby preventing G:C to T:A transversion caused by oxidative stress. Recently, biallelic germ-line mutations of MUTYH have been found in patients predisposed to a recessive form of hereditary multiple(More)
Using Mth1 and Ogg1 knockout mice, we evaluated the roles of these enzymes to prevent tumorigenesis and the accumulation of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in DNA. We found that lung adenoma/carcinoma spontaneously developed in Ogg1 knockout mice approximately 1.5 years after birth in which 8-oxoG was found to accumulate in their genomes. The mean number of(More)
Oxidative stress is a persistent threat to the genome and is associated with major causes of human mortality, including cancer, atherosclerosis, and aging. Here we established a method to generate libraries of genomic DNA fragments containing oxidatively modified bases by using specific monoclonal antibodies to immunoprecipitate enzyme-digested genome DNA.(More)
During ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in the rat kidney, apoptosis was observed in the distal tubules of the cortico-medullary region and outer medulla (OM) while severe necrosis was seen in the proximal straight tubules of the OM. The majority of these changes disappeared within 2 weeks. We examined the contents of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG),(More)
In mammalian cells, more than one genome in a single cell has to be maintained throughout the entire life of the cell, namely, one in the nucleus and the other in the mitochondria. The genomes and their precursor nucleotides are highly exposed to reactive oxygen species, which are inevitably generated as a result of the respiratory function in mitochondria.(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular mechanisms underlying stress tolerance and vulnerability are incompletely understood. The fosB gene is an attractive candidate for regulating stress responses, because ΔFosB, an alternative splice product of the fosB gene, accumulates after repeated stress or antidepressant treatments. On the other hand, FosB, the other alternative(More)
There are three types of mouse Mutyh mRNAs (type a, b and c) generated by alternative splicing, and type b mRNA is a major form among the three in most of the tissues examined. The level of type c mRNA is relatively high in brain. Type a and b mRNAs were expected to encode 57.7 kDa protein (MUTYHalpha), while type c mRNA had a partly different open reading(More)
2-hydroxy-2-deoxyadenosine triphosphate (2-OH-dATP), generated by the oxidation of dATP, can be misincorporated by DNA polymerases opposite guanine in template DNA during DNA replication, thus causing spontaneous mutagenesis. We demonstrated that mouse MUTYH (mMUTYH) has a DNA glycosylase activity excising not only adenine opposite 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) but(More)