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Non-insulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) is a common disorder of middle-aged individuals characterized by high blood glucose levels which, if untreated, can cause serious medical complications and lead to early death. Genetic factors play an important role in determining susceptibility to this disorder. However, the number of genes involved,(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is considered to play a key role in the maintenance of tissue independence and homeostasis in multicellular organisms by controlling the growth of GJIC-connected cells. Gap junction channels are composed of connexin molecules and, so far, more than a dozen different connexin genes have been shown to be(More)
Neuropathy in vertebrates can be a consequence of failure of genes involved in the nervous system to be expressed at the correct times and levels during embryonic life. Recently, a brain specific gene, Doublecortin, was cloned and was shown to have mutations in X-linked lissencephaly and double cortex syndrome. KIAA0369 is a putative kinase that is(More)
We have characterized the function of connexin (Cx) 32 gene mutations found in X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with respect to their ability to form functional gap junctions among themselves and to inactivate wild-type Cx32 by a dominant negative mechanism. We prepared four types of Cx32 mutant cDNAs and transfected them into HeLa cells, which(More)
The expression of liver-specific genes is regulated by unequivocally allocated transcription factors via proper responsible elements within their promoters. We identified a novel transcription factor, CREB-H, and found that its expression was restricted in the liver among 16 human tissues tested. A region of CREB-H exhibited significant homology to the(More)
Our laboratory has previously reported that transfection of a connexin26 (Cx26) gene, but not connexin40 nor connexin43 (Cx43), into HeLa cells expressing no detectable level of connexins suppressed the tumorigenic phenotype of the HeLa cells both in vitro and in vivo, although all of these connexins induced gap junctional intercellular communication in(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the clinical characteristics of early-onset NIDDM patients with severe diabetic complications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The clinical cases of a large number of diabetic patients who visited a diabetes center within the period 1970-1990 were reviewed. Of a total of 16,842 diabetic patients, 1,065 (6.3%) had early-onset NIDDM(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the significance of ET in diabetic microvascular disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We determined plasma levels of ir-ET-1 in 25 NIDDM patients without hypertension and/or renal dysfunction. RESULTS The plasma levels of ir-ET-1 in NIDDM patients with simple (n = 8) and proliferative (n = 8) retinopathy were 0.58 +/- 0.04 pM and(More)
We evaluated the effect of pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione compound, on insulin-stimulated glucose disposal (Rd) and its efficacy on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Twenty NIDDM subjects (mean age 58.2+/-9.4 year, body mass index (BMI) 23.9+/-3.4 kg/ m2 (mean+/-S.D.], three with diet(More)
The proinflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) is undetectable in androgen-responsive prostate cancer cells (e.g., LNCaP and LAPC-4), but it is highly expressed in androgen-independent metastatic cells, such as PC-3. In this report, we show IL-8 functions in androgen independence, chemoresistance, tumor growth, and angiogenesis. We stably transfected(More)