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Density and fiber length belong to the parameters that are used by the pulping industry as indicators of wood quality for different industrial processes and final paper products. The feasibility of Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy for the non-destructive evaluation of fiber length and air-dry density of fast-growing E. camaldulensis(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, coupled with multivariate analysis, has been used to evaluate the wood properties of sawn lumber of Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi), whose diffuse reflection spectra were acquired under static and moving conditions. Prediction models of the dynamic modulus of elasticity (E(fr)), the modulus of elasticity in bending tests(More)
Tourists often have a hard time making their tour plans, especially when they are visiting a large city on a tight schedule. To relieve tourists from such difficulty, a computer-aided interactive tour planning system, called CT-Planner2, was developed. This system models a tourist advisor who makes tour plans customized for individual tourists. Guided by an(More)
This paper develops a formal model of topological relations between a directed line segment (DLine) and a region in a two-dimensional space. Such model forms a foundation for characterizing movement patterns of an agent with respect to a region. The DLine-region relations are captured by the 9-intersection for line-region relations with further distinction(More)
Directed line segments are fundamental geometric elements used to model through their spatial relations such concepts as divergence, confluence, and interference. A new model is developed that captures spatial relations between pairs of directed line segments through the intersections of the segments' heads, bodies, and tails. This head-body-tail(More)
It is often difficult for individual tourists to make a sightseeing tour plan because they do not have prior knowledge about the destination. Although several systems have been developed for assisting the user's tour planning, these systems lack interactivity, while demanding a lot of data input from the user. In this paper, we introduce a new(More)
User-adaptive tour planning systems are tourist information systems that can make tour plans customized for individual users. Several systems have been already proposed, but such usability issues as frustrating preference/personality registration process and lack of sense of participation still remain. In this paper, we review these usability issues and(More)