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Increasing crop production is essential for securing the future food supply in developing countries in Asia and Africa as economies and populations grow. However, although the Green Revolution led to increased grain production in the 1960s, no major advances have been made in increasing yield potential in rice since then. In this study, we identified a(More)
* A sex-independent transmission ratio distortion (siTRD) system detected in the interspecific cross in rice was analyzed in order to understand its significance in reproductive barriers. The S(1) gene, derived from African rice Oryza glaberrima, induced preferential abortion of both male and female gametes possessing its allelic alternative (), from Asian(More)
Transmission ratio distortion (TRD) is frequently observed in inter- and intraspecific hybrids of plants, leading to a violation of Mendelian inheritance. Sex-independent TRD (siTRD) was detected in a hybrid between Asian cultivated rice and its wild ancestor. Here we examined how siTRD caused by an allelic interaction at a specific locus arose in Asian(More)
Cross-incompatibility caused by endosperm abortion was found in advanced generations of backcrossing between the Asian wild (W593) and cultivated (T65wx) rice strains. The near isogenic line, T65WxS 6 (W593), carrying a segment of chromosome 6 from W593 showed a low seed setting when pollinated with pollen grains of T65wx in spite of the fact that the(More)
Twenty-seven near-isogenic lines (NILs) with the genetic background of a blast-susceptible variety, CO 39, were developed by repeated backcrossing as a first set of a large number of differential varieties (DVs) with Indica-type genetic background. The NILs included 14 resistance genes—Pish, Pib, Piz-5, Piz-t, Pi5(t), Pik-s, Pik, Pik-h, Pik-m, Pik-p, Pi1,(More)
We report a study of excited-state lifetimes of the phosphorescent organometallic complex Ir(ppy)3 on ensemble and a single-molecule level. With decreasing concentration, an increasingly intense fast component of 3 ns lifetime appears next to the 1.1 mus phosphorescence. Experimental evidence suggests that strong two-photon absorption followed by(More)
The use of broad-spectrum R genes is an effective way to achieve durable resistance against rice blast (Magnaporthe oryzae Couch, anamorph: Pyricularia oryzae Cavara) in rice (Oryza sativa L.). We previously surveyed the diversity of blast resistance in 948 rice varieties and found a Myanmar rice landrace, Haoru (International Rice Research Institute(More)
Total spikelet number per panicle (TSN) is thought to be one of the most important agronomic traits associated with grain production in rice (Oryza sativa L.). We previously reported the development of 334 introgression lines (ILs) with variations in agronomic traits in the genetic background of indica rice variety IR64. Among these, an IL derived from(More)
A total of 448 samples in five natural populations of wild rice (Oryza rufipogon) were collected in Cambodia. They were examined using 12 SSR and two chloroplast markers to evaluate the degree of variation among populations and the genetic structure within populations. In the two annual populations, the number of plants with homozygous alleles at all 12 SSR(More)
Total spikelet number per panicle (TSN) is one of the determinants of grain productivity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). In this study, we attempted to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for TSN in the introgression lines with high TSN, derived from the cross of Indica Group variety IR 64 with new plant type lines. Two QTLs were detected on the long arm of(More)