Yohei Kitamura

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BACKGROUND Deterioration of peroxisomal beta-oxidation activity causes an accumulation of very long chain saturated fatty acids (VLCSFA) in various organs. We have recently reported that the levels of VLCSFA in the plasma and/or membranes of blood cells were significantly higher in patients with metabolic syndrome and in patients with coronary artery(More)
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy due to neonatal asphyxia is one of the most important causes of delayed neurological development. Prolonged neuronal apoptosis plays an important role in the processes contributing to neuronal degeneration. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a major component of brain membrane phospholipids, prevents neuronal cell apoptosis and(More)
Chordomas are invasive tumors that develop from notochordal remnants and frequently occur in the skull base. The T gene and its product (brachyury) have recently been suggested to play an important role in chordoma progression. To date, few studies have investigated the relationship between the molecular/genetic characteristics of chordoma and patient(More)
Isolated cortical vein thrombosis (ICVT) is extremely rare. Only single case or small series of ICVT have been reported; clinical details are still uncertain. We report a case of isolated superficial sylvian vein thrombosis with exceedingly long cord sign. A 14-year-old female with severe sudden onset headache visited our hospital. Fluid attenuated(More)
Neurenteric cyst (NC) is a benign epithelial cyst (BEC) of endodermal origin that mostly occurs in the spinal subdural space or posterior cranial fossa. A 28-year-old male presented with a left frontal lobe NC associated with spontaneous repetitive intracystic hemorrhage, which was initially diagnosed and treated as a brain abscess. He presented with(More)
OBJECT Although chondrosarcomas rarely arise in the skull base, chondrosarcomas and chordomas are the 2 major malignant bone neoplasms occurring at this location. The distinction of these 2 tumors is important, but this distinction is occasionally problematic because of radiological and histological overlap. Unlike chordoma and extracranial chondrosarcoma,(More)
The prognostic significance of 1p19q loss in astrocytic gliomas has been inconclusive.We collected 57 gliomas with total 1p19q loss from among 218 cases of WHO grade-II/III gliomas operated at Keio University Hospital between 1990 and 2010. These tumors were classified as oligodendroglial or "astrocytic" by a WHO-criteria-based institutional diagnosis.(More)
Disasters bring consequences of negative impacts on the environment and human life. One of the common cause of critical condition is traumatic brain injury (TBI), namely, epidural (EDH) and subdural hematoma (SDH), due to downfall hard things during earthquake. We proposed and analyzed the user response, namely neurosurgeon, general doctor/surgeon and nurse(More)
Although 1p19q codeleted gliomas are the most favorable molecular subgroup of lower-grade gliomas, there are cases with early recurrence or short survival. The objective of this study was to elucidate molecular-genetic and clinicopathological prognostic factors in patients with gliomas showing total 1p19q loss. The study included 57 consecutive patients(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical removal of jugular foramen (JF) neurinomas remains controversial because of their radicality in relation to periosteal sheath structures. OBJECTIVE To clarify the particular meningeal structures of the JF with the aim of helping to eliminate surgical complications of the lower cranial nerves (LCNs). METHODS We sectioned 6 JFs and(More)