Yohannes H. Rezenom

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Triclosan, a synthetic antimicrobial agent, has been considered as an emerging environmental contaminant. Here we reported a triclosan-degrading wastewater bacterial isolate, Sphingopyxis strain KCY1, capable of dechlorinating triclosan with a stoichiometric release of chloride. The stain can degrade diphenyl ether but not 2,4,4'-tribromodiphenyl ether and(More)
Evaluation of food chemicals is essential to make appropriate feeding decisions. The molecular genetic analysis of Gustatory receptor (Gr) genes and the characterization of the neural circuits that they engage has led to a broad understanding of taste perception in adult Drosophila [1, 2]. For example, eight relatively highly conserved members of the Gr(More)
Systematic studies of nonsense and sense suppression of the original and three derivative Methanosarcina mazei PylRS-tRNA(Pyl) pairs and cross recognition between nonsense codons and various tRNA(Pyl) anticodons in the Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) cell strain are reported. tRNA(CUA)(Pyl) is orthogonal in E. coli and able to induce strong amber suppression(More)
Lignocellulosic biomass has been recognized as a promising feedstock for the fermentative production of biofuel. However, the pretreatment of lignocellulose generates a number of by-products, such as furfural, 5-hydroxylmethyl furfural (5-HMF), vanillin, vanillic acids and trans-p-coumaric acid (TPCA), which are known to inhibit microbial growth. This(More)
We have used an infrared laser for desorption of material and ionization by interaction with electrosprayed solvent. Infrared laser-assisted desorption electrospray ionization (IR LADESI) mass spectrometry was used for the direct analysis of water-containing samples under ambient conditions. An ion trap mass spectrometer was modified to include a pulsed(More)
Thirteen novel non-canonical amino acids were synthesized and tested for suppression of an amber codon using a mutant pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA(Pyl)(CUA) pair. Suppression was observed with varied efficiencies. One non-canonical amino acid in particular contains an azide that can be applied for site-selective protein labeling.
The azinomycins are potent antitumor agents produced by the soil bacterium Streptomyces sahachiroi and contain a novel aziridino[1,2-a]pyrrolidine core; its synthesis involves at least 14 steps. This study reports the first reconstitution of N-acetylglutamine semialdehyde formation by two enzymes encoded in the azinomycin biosynthetic gene cluster. The(More)
A novel polyphosphoester (PPE) with vinyl ether side chain functionality was developed as a versatile template for postpolymerization modifications, and its degradability and biocompatibility were evaluated. An organo-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of ethylene glycol vinyl ether-pendant cyclic phosphotriester monomer allowed for construction of(More)
The discrete coordination-driven self assemblies have received continuous attention due to their molecular architecture esthetics and applications in recognition, catalysis, storage, etc. [ 1 ] Among these self assemblies, one species that has emerged recently is the porous coordination nanocages formed between carboxylate ligands and metal clusters, which(More)
We have applied desorption electrospray ionization to aerosol particles. Ions were formed from aerosols by merging suspended dry particles with an electrospray of solvent in a modified ion trap mass spectrometer. Dry aerosol particles were generated using a fluidized bed powder disperser and directed toward the inlet of the mass spectrometer. A nanospray(More)