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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a simple phospholipid-derived mediator with diverse biological actions, acts through the specific G protein-coupled receptors endothelial differentiation gene (EDG) 2, EDG4, EDG7, and GPR23. Recent studies indicate a critical role for LPA receptor signaling in embryo implantation. To understand how LPA acts in the uterus during(More)
Kidney organogenesis depends on reciprocal interactions between the ureteric bud (UB) and the metanephric mesenchyme (MM) to form the UB-derived collecting system and MM-derived nephron. With the advent of in vitro systems, it is clear that UB branching can occur independently of MM contact; however, little has been done to detail the role of MM cellular(More)
Ureteric bud (UB) emergence from the Wolffian duct (WD), the initiating step in metanephric kidney morphogenesis, is dependent on GDNF; however, GDNF by itself is generally insufficient to induce robust budding of the isolated WD in culture. Thus, additional factors, presumably peptides or polypeptide growth factors, might be involved. Microarray data from(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is one of the most deadly infectious diseases, with approximately two million people dying of TB annually. An effective therapeutic method for activating dendritic cells (DCs) and driving Th1 immune responses would improve host defenses and further the development of a TB vaccine. Given the(More)
Calcium ions have been implicated in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy, but the regulatory mechanisms of calcium ions in the uterine endometrium and conceptus are not well understood in pigs. Recently, we showed that TRPV6, a calcium ion channel protein associated with cellular entry of calcium ions, is highly expressed in the uterine(More)
The ratio of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in wounded tissues strictly control the protease activity of MMPs, and therefore regulate the progress of wound closure, tissue regeneration and scar formation. Some amphibians (i.e. axolotl/newt) demonstrate complete regeneration of missing or wounded(More)
Development of metanephric kidney begins with ureteric bud outgrowth from the Wolffian duct (WD). GDNF is believed to be a crucial positive signal in the budding process, but the negative regulation of this process remains unclear. Here, we examined the role of activin A, a member of TGF-beta family, in bud formation using an in vitro WD culture system.(More)
Uterine secretions are essential for the development of the conceptus during pregnancy. In pigs, various molecules, including transport proteins, growth factors, enzymes, and extracellular matrix proteins, are secreted into the uterine lumen. Our previous work identified salivary lipocalin (SAL1), a steroidal pheromone-binding protein, as present in the(More)
During the implantation period, the porcine conceptus secretes interleukin-1beta (IL1B) that may be involved in the establishment of pregnancy in pigs. However, the regulatory mechanism for IL1B receptor expression and the function of IL1B in the uterine endometrium are not well elucidated. In this study, we determined IL1B receptor expression in the(More)