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Glomerular epithelial cells are primary pathogenic sites in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FGS) lesions. Glomerular epithelial cells are regarded as terminally differentiated cells that do not proliferate. These characteristics are also noted for neurons and muscular cells, which are major sites of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation accumulation.(More)
The transmission of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus from Monochamus alternatus males to Pinus densiflora trees via oviposition wounds has been determined. Nematode-infested males, with mandibles fixed experimentally to prevent feeding, were placed for 48 hours with pine bolts containing oviposition wounds that had been made by nematode-free females. After(More)
Four experiments were conducted using nematode-infested and nematode-free adults of the cerambycid beetle, Monochamus alternatus, to determine horizontal transmission pathways of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus. When nematode-infested beetles of one sex and nematode-free beetles of the opposite sex were paired in containers for 48 or 72 hours, the number of(More)
Renal involvement is a significant complication of multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) and various glomerular involvements have been reported. A 45-year-old Japanese man presented with persistent proteinuria, with lymphadenopathy and hypergammaglobulinemia. He had been diagnosed 4 years previously with MCD. As his renal impairment had progressed to renal(More)
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