Yogendra Kumar Gupta

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Recent reports suggest the involvement of free radicals in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease [AD]. Streptozotocin [STZ] injection in the brain is known to cause cognitive impairment in rats and is likened to sporadic AD in humans. Though STZ is known to cause impairment in glucose and energy metabolism, it is not known whether this is associated(More)
We have recently shown free radical generation is associated with cognitive impairment in intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) model of sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type in rats. Trans resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound and is known to have antioxidant activity. In the present study, the effect of trans resveratrol was investigated on(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex neurological disorder, characterized by selective degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. It is a multi-factorial disease, contributed by a combination of age, genetic and environmental factors. Etiology of sporadic PD and mechanism underlying selective loss of dopaminergic neurons has not yet been clearly(More)
Intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) has been shown to cause cognitive impairment, which is associated with free radical generation in the brain of rats. Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and antioxidant. In the present study, the effect of melatonin was investigated against ICV STZ induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress(More)
Free radicals have been implicated in neuronal injury during ischemia reperfusion in stroke. Trans resveratrol, a potent antioxidant, polyphenolic compound found in grapes and wines has recently been shown to have neuroprotective activity against oxidative stress in in vitro studies. In the present study the effect of chronic treatment of trans resveratrol(More)
Cognitive impairment in epileptics may be a consequence of the epileptogenic process as well as antiepileptic medication. Thus, there is a need for drugs, which can suppress epileptogenesis as well as prevent cognitive impairment. In the present study, the effect of aqueous extract of Centella asiatica (CA) (100 and 300 mg/kg), an Indian medicinal plant(More)
The present study investigates the effect of chronic curcumin administration on phenytoin-induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress in rats. Male Wistar rats were administered drugs/vehicle for 21 days. Learning and memory was evaluated using the passive avoidance paradigm and the elevated plus maze. On day 21, serum phenytoin concentrations and(More)
The expression of the cytochrome P450s (CYPs) may vary in the different brain cells depending on their specialization and the presence of different endogenous factors. The present study was initiated to investigate the expression and catalytic activity of the constitutive and inducible forms of CYP2E1, the major ethanol inducible CYP, in cultured rat brain(More)
A synthetic chimeric peptide of Met-enkephalin and FMRFamide (YGGFMKKKFMRFa), based on MERF was synthesized. This peptide was tested for possible antinociceptive effects using the tail flick test in mice. The effect of the chimeric peptide on morphine antinociception and development of tolerance to the antinociceptive action of morphine was also(More)
The current experimental work deals with the chemopreventive studies of a hydroalcoholic extract of Withania somnifera roots, against 20-methylcholanthrene induced fibrosarcoma tumours in Swiss albino mice. A single subcutaneous injection of 200 microg 20-methylcholanthrene in 0.1 mL of dimethylsulphoxide into the thigh region of mice produced a high(More)