Learn More
Recent reports suggest the involvement of free radicals in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease [AD]. Streptozotocin [STZ] injection in the brain is known to cause cognitive impairment in rats and is likened to sporadic AD in humans. Though STZ is known to cause impairment in glucose and energy metabolism, it is not known whether this is associated(More)
We have recently shown free radical generation is associated with cognitive impairment in intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) model of sporadic dementia of Alzheimer's type in rats. Trans resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound and is known to have antioxidant activity. In the present study, the effect of trans resveratrol was investigated on(More)
Intracerebroventricular (ICV) streptozotocin (STZ) has been shown to cause cognitive impairment, which is associated with free radical generation in the brain of rats. Melatonin is a potent free radical scavenger and antioxidant. In the present study, the effect of melatonin was investigated against ICV STZ induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress(More)
The present study investigates the effect of chronic curcumin administration on phenytoin-induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress in rats. Male Wistar rats were administered drugs/vehicle for 21 days. Learning and memory was evaluated using the passive avoidance paradigm and the elevated plus maze. On day 21, serum phenytoin concentrations and(More)
1. The effects of adenosine, the adenosine analogue, 2-chloroadenosine (2-CADO), the specific adenosine A1 receptor agonist, N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and A2 receptor agonist 5'-(N-cyclopropyl) carboxamidoadenosine (CPCA), were examined against seizures induced by acute administration of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), 60 mg kg-1, and PTZ kindled seizures, in(More)
Cognitive impairment in epileptics may be a consequence of the epileptogenic process as well as antiepileptic medication. Thus, there is a need for drugs, which can suppress epileptogenesis as well as prevent cognitive impairment. In the present study, the effect of aqueous extract of Centella asiatica (CA) (100 and 300 mg/kg), an Indian medicinal plant(More)
In the present study, the effect of alpha lipoic acid, a potent free radical scavenger, was investigated against the intracerebroventricular streptozotocin model of cognitive impairment in rats, which is characterized by a progressive deterioration of memory, cerebral glucose and energy metabolism, and oxidative stress. Wistar rats were injected with(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an antioxidant vineatrol against kainic acid-induced seizures, markers of oxidative stress and expression of heat shock protein in brain. In rats, kainic acid (10 mg/kg i.p.) induced long lasting seizures, associated behavioral symptoms and brain damage and significantly increased level of brain(More)
The neuropeptide galanin has been identified as a potential neurotransmitter/neuromodulator within the central nervous system. In the present study, the role of endogenous galanin in nociceptive processing in the nervous system has been analysed by using mice carrying a targeted mutation in the galanin gene. Supporting this, the effect of chronic(More)
PURPOSE Melatonin has been shown to exhibit antioxidant, antiexcitotoxic, and free radical-scavenging properties in various animal models. The study was designed to assess its effects on the blood levels of antioxidant enzymes in children with epilepsy receiving carbamazepine (CBZ). METHODS In a double-blind, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled(More)