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PURPOSE Enteral nutrition (EN) is effective, easy to provide, cheaper, and associated with fewer complications in comparison with parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). However, the nasogastric (NG) route for enteral supplements still remains to be established, and most studies have used the nasojejunal (NJ) route. The purpose of this(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the noninferiority of early enteral feeding through nasogastric (NG) compared to nasojejunal (NJ) route on infectious complications in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS Patients with SAP were fed via NG (candidate) or NJ (comparative) route. The primary outcome was the occurrence of any(More)
Cooling is a significant challenge for high-performance high-power 3D ICs. In this paper, \ve describe the experimental evaluation of 3D ICs with embedded microfluidic cooling. Different architectures are experimentally evaluated including: 1) a memory-on-processor stack, 2) a processor-on-processor stack with equal pO\\Ter dissipation, and 3) a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Up to 50% of patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) are malnourished. There are limited data on the role of dietary intervention in improving the nutritional status of such patients. The aim was to compare the efficacy of medium chain triglyceride (MCT)-enriched commercial dietary supplements with dietary counseling for homemade food in(More)
BACKGROUND Relapse of pain during refeeding in acute pancreatitis may have a relation to the route of refeeding. AIM To compare the efficacy of oral refeeding with jejunal tube refeeding in patients with acute pancreatitis, and determine the frequency of refeeding pain and factors associated with it. METHODS Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis,(More)
BACKGROUND Subclinical hepatic encephalopathy (SHE) features in 30-84% of patients with cirrhosis of the liver. Its clinical significance with regards to progression to overt encephalopathy has however, not been established. AIMS The present study was conducted (i) to compare the diagnostic usefulness of neuropsychological tests with that of(More)
AIM To assess the intestinal permeability (IP) in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and study the association of IP with the patient and disease characteristics. METHODS One hundred and twenty five consecutive patients of CD (Males: 66) were diagnosed on the basis of a combination of standard clinical, endoscopic, imaging and histological features. CD(More)
Heat removal and power delivery are two major reliability concerns in the 3D stacked IC technology. Liquid cooling based on micro-fluidic channels is proposed as a viable solution to dramatically reduce the operating temperature of 3D ICs. In addition, designers use a highly complex hierarchical power distribution network in conjunction with decoupling(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Patients with chronic pancreatitis are often malnourished. The role of malnutrition in the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis is unclear. The aim of the present article was to study prospectively the cause and effect relationship of malnutrition with idiopathic chronic pancreatitis in a case-control study. METHODS Consecutive patients(More)