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A common genetic variation in the alpha-actinin-3 ( ACTN3) gene causes a replacement of an arginine (R) with a premature stop codon (X) at amino-acid 577 (rs1815739). While the R allele has been found to be associated with power-oriented performance, the XX genotype may be linked with endurance ability. To test this hypothesis, we studied the distribution(More)
Unaccustomed exercise may cause muscle breakdown with marked increase in serum creatine kinase (CK) activity. The skeletal muscle renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in exercise metabolism and tissue injury. A functional insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (rs4646994) has been(More)
Functional Gly482Ser (rs8192678) and G/C (rs4253778) polymorphisms in the Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator1 (PPARGC1A) and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) genes, respectively, have been associated with mRNA and protein activity. The aim of this study was to determine their frequency distribution among(More)
We evaluated the effect of different types of sprint interval sessions on the balance between anabolic and catabolic hormones and circulating inflammatory cytokines. Twelve healthy elite junior handball players (17-25 years) participated in the study. Exercise consisted of increasing distance (100 m, 200 m, 300 m, 400 m) and decreasing distance (400 m, 300(More)
Exercise training efficiency depends on the intensity, volume, duration, and frequency of training, as well as on the athlete's ability to tolerate it. Recent efforts to quantify the effects of aerobic exercise training on hormonal response have suggested that exercise leads to simultaneous changes of antagonistic mediators. The effects of anaerobic(More)
Functional R577X (rs.1815739) and ID (rs.5186) polymorphisms in the alpha-actinin-3 ( ACTN3) and the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) genes, respectively, have been associated with sprint performance. The aim of this study was to determine their effect on sprint performance among 81 Israeli sprinters and 240 healthy controls. Results revealed that the(More)
A functional C825T polymorphism in the human guanine nucleotide binding protein beta polypeptide 3 (GNB3) gene has been associated with enhanced G protein activation. Since reports regarding the interaction between physical activity and the GNB3 C825T polymorphism are limited and inconsistent, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency of C825T(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted to identify the preferred transition speed (PTS) between walking and running and the energetically optimal transition speed (ETOS), in runners and nonrunners. METHODS A total of 19 young men were asked to walk on a treadmill at 5 km.h(-1). Speed was then increased by 0.2 km.h(-1) every minute. Subjects were instructed to(More)
Skeletal muscle is the major producer and user of lactate in the body. Therefore, transport of lactate across cells' membrane is of considerable importance. Lactate transport is mediated by proton-linked monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1). The A1470T polymorphism (rs1049434) in MCT1 gene influences lactate transport, with T allele associated with reduction(More)
An Alu insertion (I)/deletion (D) polymorphism in the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with ACE activity. Opposing effects on elite athletic performance have been proposed for the I and D alleles; while the D allele favours improved endurance ability, the I allele promotes more power-orientated events. We tested this hypothesis(More)