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The T cell surface glycoproteins T4 and T8 are thought to mediate efficient cell-cell interactions in the immune system and in this way may be responsible for the appropriate targeting of subpopulations of T cells. We have used gene transfer combined with subtractive hybridization to isolate both cDNA and functional genomic clones encoding the T8 protein.(More)
Plastics are persistent synthetic polymers that accumulate as waste in the marine environment. Microplastic (MP) particles are derived from the breakdown of larger debris or can enter the environment as microscopic fragments. Because filter-feeder organisms ingest MP while feeding, they are likely to be impacted by MP pollution. To assess the impact of(More)
Cadmium, a potent toxic metal, poses a serious environmental threat but the mechanisms of its toxicity remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the nature of cadmium-induced cell death in the human T cell line CEM-C12. Cadmium was time- and dose-dependently toxic for CEM-C12 cells, cell death being preceded by chromatin condensation and DNA(More)
Activated human T cells via the CD2 or the CD3 pathways exhibited a higher capacity than resting T lymphocytes to incorporate and metabolize [3H]pafacether (paf) at 37 degrees C. Resting T lymphocytes lacked specific binding capacity for paf, yet high-affinity paf receptors (paf-R) were induced on CD3- or CD2-dependent activation. This up-regulation in the(More)
Paf is a potent mediator of inflammatory diseases and septic shock. In previous studies we showed that paf can be released by prokaryotic cells such as E. coli. In this report we define the production and release of paf by E. coli cultured under different experimental conditions. When cultures were supplemented with lyso paf, a dramatic increase in paf(More)
In the present report we further explored the role of paf-acether (paf), a phospholipid cytokine, in the modulation of T cell activation induced via the CD2 and the CD3 pathways. Evidence was obtained that paf inhibited T cell proliferation induced by immobilized CD3 mAb (OKT3i), but potentiated that induced by a combination with the CD2 mAb, anti-(T11.1 +(More)
A solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for determining human serum cystatin C is described. In 50 normal samples, cystatin C concentration was 1247 +/- 224 micrograms/L (mean +/- SD) which is in agreement with previously reported levels. Serum levels of cystatin C and beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2-M) were investigated in a time-course study(More)
Metallothioneins (MTs) are a class of small cysteine-rich heavy metal binding proteins produced in response to a variety of stresses, inflammation, and as components of the acute-phase response. Although the exact role of MT in this phase is not known, a number of reports have shown that expression of hepatic MT is markedly increased in response to(More)
Paf-acether (paf) is a phospholipid cytokine alloted with potent inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties. Recent reports indicated that in human B cell lines, paf modulated both early and late activation events. In our study, we showed that four of six human B cell lines specifically bound [3H]paf irrespective of the stage of differentiation, the(More)