Yoann Thomas

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The T cell surface glycoproteins T4 and T8 are thought to mediate efficient cell-cell interactions in the immune system and in this way may be responsible for the appropriate targeting of subpopulations of T cells. We have used gene transfer combined with subtractive hybridization to isolate both cDNA and functional genomic clones encoding the T8 protein.(More)
Plastics are persistent synthetic polymers that accumulate as waste in the marine environment. Microplastic (MP) particles are derived from the breakdown of larger debris or can enter the environment as microscopic fragments. Because filter-feeder organisms ingest MP while feeding, they are likely to be impacted by MP pollution. To assess the impact of(More)
Paf-acether (paf) is a phospholipid cytokine alloted with potent inflammatory and immunoregulatory properties. Recent reports indicated that in human B cell lines, paf modulated both early and late activation events. In our study, we showed that four of six human B cell lines specifically bound [3H]paf irrespective of the stage of differentiation, the(More)
Human T cell hybrids were generated by fusing lectin-activated normal and leukemic human T cells with an aminopterin-sensitive human T cell line. This mutant cell line, designated CEM-T15, was derived from the human T cell line CEM after chemical mutagenesis with ethane methylsulfonate and subsequent culture in medium containing 6-thioguanine. After(More)
T-B and T-T interactions involved in the regulation of PWM-triggered human B cell differentiation were studied in vitro. Functionally distinct human T cell subsets were isolated by C-mediated lysis by using the monoclonal antibodies OKT4 and OKT8. Graded numbers of either untreated or irradiated T cell subsets were added to autologous B cells, and total(More)
Cadmium, a potent toxic metal, poses a serious environmental threat but the mechanisms of its toxicity remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the nature of cadmium-induced cell death in the human T cell line CEM-C12. Cadmium was time- and dose-dependently toxic for CEM-C12 cells, cell death being preceded by chromatin condensation and DNA(More)
Clinical studies suggest that Helicobacter pylori may play a role in the pathogenesis of gastroduodenal ulcers in man but direct evidence of mucosal injury by this microorganism is still lacking. Paf-acether (paf) causes a number of disorders including ischaemic bowel necrosis and gastroduodenal ulceration. Since paf is produced by Escherichia coli, we(More)
In the present report we further explored the role of paf-acether (paf), a phospholipid cytokine, in the modulation of T cell activation induced via the CD2 and the CD3 pathways. Evidence was obtained that paf inhibited T cell proliferation induced by immobilized CD3 mAb (OKT3i), but potentiated that induced by a combination with the CD2 mAb, anti-(T11.1 +(More)