Yoann Personne

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) continue to present very significant diagnostic and management challenges. The development, introduction and use of a wider range of immunosuppressive therapies are leading to a broader spectrum of microorganisms causing HAP and VAP. The persistent clinical dilemma(More)
TB is still a major global health problem causing over 1 million deaths per year. An increasing problem of drug resistance in the causative agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as problems with the current lengthy and complex treatment regimens, lends urgency to the need to develop new antitubercular agents. Proteases have been targeted for therapy in(More)
Caseinolytic (Clp) proteases are widespread energy-dependent proteases; the functional ATP-dependent protease is comprised of multimers of proteolytic and regulatory subunits. Mycobacterium tuberculosis has two ClpP proteolytic subunits (ClpP1 and ClpP2), with both being essential for growth in vitro. ClpP1 and clpP2 are arranged in an apparent operon; we(More)
BACKGROUND The Pseudomonas aeruginosa Liverpool epidemic strain (LES) is an important cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogen and is associated with increased morbidity and a worsened prognosis, compared with other CF-associated strains. However, interactions of common LES phenotypic variants with other members of the polymicrobial biofilms associated with chronic CF(More)
Trans-translation is a key process in bacteria which recycles stalled ribosomes and tags incomplete nascent proteins for degradation. This ensures the availability of ribosomes for protein synthesis and prevents the accumulation of dysfunctional proteins. The tmRNA, ssrA, is responsible for both recovering stalled ribosomes and encodes the degradation tag;(More)
Two component regulatory systems are key elements in the control of bacterial gene expression in response to environmental perturbations. The SenX3-RegX3 system is implicated in the control of phosphate uptake in Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. regX3 is reported to be essential in M. smegmatis, but not in M. tuberculosis. We(More)
OBJECTIVES Effective treatment of Gram-negative bacterial infections is increasingly challenging due to the spread of multidrug-resistant strains and a lack of new antimicrobials in development. Bacterial type I signal peptidases (SPases) represent a highly conserved and essential target for inhibition by novel compounds. SPases are required for the(More)
Haemophilus influenzae is a significant causative agent of respiratory tract infections (RTI) worldwide. The development of a rapid H. influenzae diagnostic assay that would allow for the implementation of infection control measures and also improve antimicrobial stewardship for patients is required. A number of nucleic acid diagnostics approaches that(More)
The lack of proper treatment for serious infectious diseases due to the emergence of multidrug resistance reinforces the need for the discovery of novel antibiotics. This is particularly true for tuberculosis (TB) for which 3.7% of new cases and 20% of previously treated cases are estimated to be caused by multi-drug resistant strains. In addition, in the(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the Unyvero P50 pneumonia assay, the first 'sample-in, answer-out' system for rapid identification of pathogens and antibiotic resistance markers directly from clinical specimens. Overall, Unyvero P50 displayed very good sensitivity (>95%); however, specificity was low (33%) mainly because 40% of the specimens(More)