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Mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and can be preserved in vitro in a naive inner-cell-mass-like configuration by providing exogenous stimulation with leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and small molecule inhibition of ERK1/ERK2 and GSK3β signalling (termed 2i/LIF conditions). Hallmarks of naive pluripotency(More)
Somatic cells can be inefficiently and stochastically reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells by exogenous expression of Oct4 (also called Pou5f1), Sox2, Klf4 and Myc (hereafter referred to as OSKM). The nature of the predominant rate-limiting barrier(s) preventing the majority of cells to successfully and synchronously reprogram remains to(More)
Naïve and primed pluripotent states retain distinct molecular properties, yet limited knowledge exists on how their state transitions are regulated. Here, we identify Mettl3, an N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) transferase, as a regulator for terminating murine naïve pluripotency. Mettl3 knockout preimplantation epiblasts and naïve embryonic stem cells are(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be derived from somatic cells by ectopic expression of different transcription factors, classically Oct4 (also known as Pou5f1), Sox2, Klf4 and Myc (abbreviated as OSKM). This process is accompanied by genome-wide epigenetic changes, but how these chromatin modifications are biochemically determined requires(More)
OBJECTIVE Bone Gla Protein (BGP, osteocalcin) is commonly present in the calcified vasculature and was recently shown as energy metabolism-regulating hormone. This study investigates the role of BGP in cartilage and vasculature mineralization. METHODS AND RESULTS We established an in vitro BGP-overexpression model in chondrocytes (ATDC5) and vascular(More)
In this study, we focus on the analysis of a previously identified cancer-related gene signature (CGS) that underlies the cross talk between the p53 tumor suppressor and Ras oncogene. CGS consists of a large number of known Ras downstream target genes that were synergistically upregulated by wild-type p53 loss and oncogenic H-Ras(G12V) expression. Here we(More)
Adiponectin, an adipose-secreted adipocytokine, exhibits various metabolic functions but has no known effect on bone development through the growth plate and specifically, in chondrocytes. Using the mouse ATDC5 cell line, a widely used in vitro model of chondrogenesis, we demonstrated the expression of adiponectin and its receptors during chondrogenic(More)
Mutations in p53 are ubiquitous in human tumors. Some p53 mutations not only result in loss of wild-type (WT) activity but also grant additional functions, termed "gain of function." In this study, we explore how the status of p53 affects the immediate response gene activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) in the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate(More)
Somatic cells can be transdifferentiated to other cell types without passing through a pluripotent state by ectopic expression of appropriate transcription factors. Recent reports have proposed an alternative transdifferentiation method in which fibroblasts are directly converted to various mature somatic cell types by brief expression of the induced(More)
The primary cilium is an immotile, solitary, and microtubule-based structure that projects from cell surfaces into the extracellular environment. The primary cilium functions as a dual sensor, as mechanosensors and chemosensors. The primary cilia coordinate several essential cell signaling pathways that are mainly involved in cell division and(More)