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In the process of neuronal wiring, axons derived from the same functional group typically extend together, resulting in fascicle formation. How these axons communicate with one another remains largely unknown. Here, we show that protocadherin-17 (Pcdh17) supports this group extension by recruiting actin polymerization regulators to interaxonal contact(More)
Miniaturization of chemical or biochemical systems creates extremely efficient devices exploiting the advantages of microspaces. Although they are often targeted for implanted tissue engineered organs or drug-delivery devices because of their highly integrated systems, microfluidic devices are usually powered by external energy sources and therefore(More)
Natural cellular functions are increasingly exploited for integrated chemical systems such as biochemical reactors and biosensors. We propose to utilize the intrinsic mechanical function of cardiomyocytes, converting chemical energy into mechanical energy. In this report, we demonstrate the working principle of our proposed poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)(More)
Cellular functions are frequently exploited as processing components for integrated chemical systems such as biochemical reactors and bioassay systems. Here, we have created a new cell-based microsystem exploiting the intrinsic pulsatile mechanical functions of cardiomyocytes to build a cellular micropump on-chip using cardiomyocyte sheets as prototype(More)
Integration of various chemical devices and complex operations onto a microchip, which is often referred to as a micro total analysis system (mu-TAS) or lab-on-a-chip, creates extremely efficient devices that exploit the advantages of a microspace. Furthermore, as the scale of the fluidic microvolume is roughly proportional to living cell sizes and(More)
Recently, interest in single cell analysis has increased because of its potential for improving our understanding of cellular processes. Single cell operation and attachment is indispensable to realize this task. In this paper, we employed a simple and direct method for single-cell attachment and culture in a closed microchannel. The microchannel surface(More)
Cells are frequently exploited as processing components for integrated chemical systems, such as biochemical reactors and bioassay systems. By culturing vascular endothelial cells (ECs) in integrated chemical devices, vascular models have also been fabricated. Here, we utilized a thermally fused-glass microchip which is chemically and physically stable and(More)
This report describes a direct approach for cell micropatterning in a closed glass microchannel. To control the cell adhesiveness inside the microchannel, the application of an external stimulus such as ultraviolet (UV) was indispensible. This technique focused on the use of a modified 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer, which is known(More)
The rolling circle amplification (RCA) is a versatile DNA amplification method in which a DNA molecule is amplified using a single DNA primer, allowing the product to be counted as a single dot. Circular templates for RCA can arise from padlock probes in highly specific DNA target-mediated ligation reactions. However, improvement of detection efficiency(More)
Lab-on-a-chip technology is promising for the miniaturization of chemistry, biochemistry, and/or biology researchers looking to exploit the advantages of a microspace. To manipulate fluid on a microchip, on-chip pumps are indispensable. To date, there have been several types of on-chip pumps including pneumatic, electroactive, and magnetically driven.(More)