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BACKGROUND Patients who are unable to eat or drink after stroke may receive percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or nasogastric tube feeding. Although the most common serious complication is well known to be aspiration pneumonia, the role of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has not been fully assessed. The aim of this study was to examine, by means of(More)
1. Serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is considered to be a potent marker of vascular endothelial injury. The present study was designed to examine serum HGF levels in atrial fibrillation and after successful direct current (DC) cardioversion. 2. We measured serum HGF levels before and 7 days and 1 month after DC cardioversion in 39 patients with atrial(More)
A 26-year-old man with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) was admitted to our hospital for further cardiovascular examination. A muscle biopsy demonstrated strongly succinate dehydrogenase-reactive blood vessels. Pulse wave contour analysis revealed that both capacitive and oscillatory compliance were(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been reported in congestive heart failure (CHF) conditions. However, it is unknown whether activation of iNOS affects prognosis of CHF patients. We prospectively studied the influence of activation of iNOS in the forearm on the outcome of CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Forearm blood(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Assessment of left atrial appendage (LAA) function with transesophageal echocardiography is useful for detecting patients at high risk for thromboembolism as a result of atrial fibrillation (AF). A recent study reported that the atrium is the main source of brain natriuretic polypeptide (BNP) in AF patients without overt heart(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral vascular endothelial dysfunction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events, and can be assessed noninvasively by measuring reactive hyperemia, either by vascular ultrasound measurement of flow-mediated vasodilatation or, less commonly, by measurement of blood flow using plethysmography. In the present study reactive(More)
Long-term administration of nicorandil has been shown to improve outcomes through cardioprotective effects in patients with coronary artery disease. To identify the mechanisms responsible for these effects, this study examined the impact of long-term nicorandil administration on endothelial function, systemic inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress in(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that proinflammatory cytokines induce large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) and that the amount increases in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). There are, however, few reports regarding the relationships between NO production, cytokines and the severity of heart failure, so the plasma concentrations of nitrite and(More)
Fabry disease is a glycolipid storage disorder caused by a defect of alpha-galactosidase A, and characterized by the systemic deposition of glycosphingolipids with terminal alpha-galactosyl moieties, mainly globotriaosylceramide, in tissues. Using delayed extraction matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (DE(More)
Exercise capacity is often reduced in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but very few studies have focused on changes in endothelial function as a potential mechanism for the exercise limitation. The present study used using venous occlusion plethysmography to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilatation is attenuated during exercise(More)