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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular events (CVE) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. These patients are often excluded from CV clinical trials, and the prognostic factors associated with CVE in patients with ESRD have not been fully explored. We investigated the role of BNP and NT-proBNP in predicting the outcome(More)
OBJECTIVE Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a relentlessly progressing form of chronic kidney disease for which there is no cure. The aim of this study was to characterize Chinese patients with ADPKD and to identify the factors which predict cyst growth and renal functional deterioration. METHODS To analyze disease predicting factors(More)
Although apolipoprotein E (APOE) variants are associated with age-related diseases, the underlying mechanism is unknown and DNA methylation may be a potential one. With methylation data, measured by the Infinium Human Methylation 450 array, from 993 participants (age ranging from 18 to 87 years) in the Genetics of Lipid Lowering Drugs and Diet Network(More)
Genetic understanding of complex traits has developed immensely over the past decade but remains hampered by incomplete descriptions of contribution to phenotypic variance. Gene-environment (GxE) interactions are one of these contributors and in the guise of diet and physical activity are important modulators of cardiometabolic phenotypes and ensuing(More)
BACKGROUND Associations of either insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) variants or circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and insulin resistance (IR) are inconsistent. This study sought to determine whether circulating 25(OH)D modulates the association of a potentially functional variant at IRS1 (rs2943641) with insulin(More)
SCOPE Tissue concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids may reduce cardiovascular disease risk, and genetic variants are associated with circulating fatty acids concentrations. Whether dietary fatty acids interact with genetic variants to modify circulating omega-3 fatty acids is unclear. We evaluated interactions between genetic variants and fatty acid intakes(More)
PSMD3 encodes subunit 3 of the 26S proteasome, which is involved in regulating insulin signal transduction, and dietary factors could potentially regulate the function of this gene. We aimed to investigate the associations of PSMD3 variants with glucose-related traits and the interactions of those variants with dietary fat and carbohydrate for(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is the most common pathological type for nephrotic syndrome in adults in western countries and China. The benefits and harms of immunosuppressive treatment in IMN remain controversial. OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy and safety of different immunosuppressive agents in the treatment of nephrotic syndrome(More)
This paper presents a thermo-mechanical analysis of a multichip module (MCM) package design, with emphasis on the package warpage, thermally induced stress and the second level solder joint reliability. The MCM package contains four flip chips which are mounted on a build up substrate. First, the effect of the positioning of four silicon dice within the MCM(More)