Traditional strengthening ways, such as strain, precipitation, and solid-solution, come into effect by pinning the motion of dislocation. Here, through first-principles calculations we report on an extra-electron induced covalent strengthening mechanism, which alters chemical bonding upon the introduction of extra-valence electrons in the matrix of parent… (More)
Clarification of the microscopic events that occur during oxidation is of great importance for understanding and consequently controlling the oxidation process. In this study the oxidation product formed on T91 ferritic/martensitic steel in oxygen saturated liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) at 823 K was characterized at the nanoscale using focused-ion beam… (More)
In this Article, Supplementary Movies 1 and 2 were incorrectly associated with experiments VII and VIII, respectively. Instead, Supplementary Movie 1 corresponds to experiment VI and Supplementary Movie 2 corresponds to experiment VII.
By means of first-principles and ab initio tight-binding calculations, we found that the compound of NaBi is a three-dimensional non-trivial topological metal. Its topological feature can be confirmed by the presence of band inversion, the derived effective Z2 invariant and the non-trivial surface states with the presence of Dirac cones. Interestingly, our… (More)
Channel segregation, which is featured by the strip-like shape with compositional variation in cast materials due to density contrast-induced flow during solidification, frequently causes the severe destruction of homogeneity and some fatal damage. An investigation of its mechanism sheds light on the understanding and control of the channel segregation… (More)
In combination with variable-composition evolutionary algorithm calculations and first-principles calculations, we have systematically searched for all the stable compounds and their crystal structures in the extensively investigated binary Mn-B system. Our results have uncovered four viable ground-state compounds, with Mn2B, MnB, and MnB4, and previously… (More)