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Salicylic acid (SA) functions in the plant response to drought stress were assessed using SA-altering Arabidopsis mutants, including snc1 (with constitutively high levels of SA) and its nahG-transformed plants (named as snc1/nahG, with a comparable SA level to the wild type), sid2 and transgenic line nahG (both with SA deficiency), and npr1-1 (with SA(More)
An enhanced Al(3+) tolerance has been observed in ethylene insensitive mutant ein2-1 and salicylic acid insensitive mutant npr1-1 of Arabidopsis. However, we found that the tolerant phenotype of ein2-1 and npr1-1 under Al stress was dependent on NPR and EIN function, respectively, because the double mutant ein2-1/npr1-1 displayed more sensitive to Al stress(More)
The segment model (SM) is a family of methods using segmental distribution rather than frame-based features (e.g. HMM) to represent the underlying characteristics of the observation sequence. It has been proved to be more precise than that of HMM. However, the high complexity prevents these models' use in practical systems. In this paper we present a(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the expression levels and the proliferative effect of flotillin-1, an integral membrane protein encoded by the FLOT1 gene, in human clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Flotillin has been implicated in other types of cancer, but the role of flotillin in RCC has not been established. Immunohistochemistry and(More)
The segment model (SM) is a family of methods that use the segmental distribution rather than frame-based density (e.g. HMM) to represent the underlying characteristics of the observation sequence. It has been proved to be more precise than HMM. However, their high level of complexity prevents these models from being used in practical systems. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is a frequently-occurring disease and is a severe threat to human health. OBJECTIVE We aimed to explore the associations between stroke risk factors. METHODS Subjects who were aged 40 or above were requested to do surveys with a unified questionnaire as well as laboratory examinations. The Apriori algorithm was applied to find out the(More)
In this work, we design a FRET system for sensitive and selective determination of thrombin in red region, in which NaYF₄:Yb,Er upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) act as donor and gold nanorods (Au NRs) act as acceptor. NaYF₄:Yb,Er UCNPs with a strong emission at 661 nm were successfully synthesized by tuning the doped ions ratio. Carboxyl-functionalized(More)
A new luminescence energy transfer (LET) system has been designed for the detection of thrombin in the near-infrared (NIR) region by utilizing NIR-to-NIR upconversion lanthanide nanophosphors (UCNPs) as the donor and gold nanorods (Au NRs) as the acceptor. The use of upconverting NaYF4 :Yb(3+) ,Tm(3+) nanoparticles with sharp NIR emission peaks upon NIR(More)