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Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has been adopted as a standard for many modern wireless applications requiring high data rate due to bandwidth efficiency, resistance to frequency selective fading and simple digital realization using IFFT/FFT operations. However, physical implementation of the OFDM system suffers from several difficulties.(More)
The mRNA levels for several GABAA receptor subunits were measured by Northern blot analysis. Rats were treated for 3 wk by continuous release of diazepam (DZP) from subcutaneous reservoirs, and then sacrificed immediately or 48 h after removing the reservoirs. Poly(A)+ RNAs, isolated from cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and hippocampus, were hybridized with(More)
Regional downregulation of brain benzodiazepine (BZ) receptors was studied in rats treated with flurazepam or diazepam protocols known to produce anticonvulsant tolerance. Zolpidem, a selective BZ1 receptor agonist, was used to detect BZ1 receptors; flunitrazepam, a nonselective BZ receptor agonist, was used to detect the total BZ receptor population. Rats(More)
In a previous study, it was found that down-regulation of benzodiazepine (BZ) binding in rats treated 4 weeks with flurazepam was relatively greater and more widespread when measured with [3H]zolpidem, a selective 'BZ1 receptor' ligand, than that measured with the non-selective ligand, [3H]flunitrazepam. In the present study, the time course for(More)
—A new multicarrier system, termed multisym-bol encapsulated orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MSE-OFDM), is proposed, in which one cyclic prefix (CP) is used for multiple OFDM symbols. The original motivation for the MSE-OFDM proposal is to reduce the redundancy due to the CP in static-channel environments. The authors then found that an(More)