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  • Y Liu
  • 2006
Most malignancies have increased glycolysis for energy requirement of rapid cell proliferation, which is the basis for tumor imaging through glucose analog FDG (2-deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose) with positron emission tomography. One of significant characteristics of prostate cancer is slow glycolysis and low FDG avidity. Recent studies showed that prostate(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is characterized by a low rate of glycolysis and glucose uptake. We hypothesize that fatty acid is dominant over glucose in uptake by prostate cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS One benign (RWPE1) and two malignant (LNCaP and PC3) prostate cell lines were assayed for their in vitro uptake of radiolabeled glucose analogs(More)
Thymic lesions may represent an unresolved diagnostic problem that often requires surgical procedure for an accurate diagnosis and staging. A noninvasive imaging study to determine the nature of thymic lesions would help to identify patients who are true candidates for surgery. Published preliminary clinical observations have suggested a role of fluorine-18(More)
Natural somatostatin is characterized as an inhibitory peptide and had anti-neoplastic actions. The effect of somatostatin is mediated via specific somatostatin receptors (SSTRs). Clinical trials have demonstrated therapeutic applications of radionuclide labeled somatostatin analogues in many tumors bearing the receptors. In prostate cancer, significance of(More)
Increased ovarian or endometrial uptake may cause a dilemma in the interpretation of whole body F18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging or even misdiagnosis of malignant disease. Knowledge of benign FDG uptake of the ovaries and uterus is important for daily practice of nuclear medicine radiologists. Increased uptake in the(More)
A routine feature of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging is whole-body acquisition that results in many unexpected findings identified outside of the primary region of abnormality. Furthermore, (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is a marker of glycolysis and does not specifically accumulate in malignancy. Understanding the(More)
HIV infection results in profound alterations of immunologic function that render the patient severely immunocompromised, and susceptible to malignancies and opportunistic infections. Three AIDS-defining malignancies include Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and invasive cervical cancer. In AIDS patients, KS is often aggressive and(More)
Patients with HIV infection often have generalized lymphadenopathy and/or other lymphoid proliferation and are at significantly increased risk for lymphoma. This study retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic value of concurrent nasopharyngeal lesion and lymphadenopathy on positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) with fluorine-18(More)
  • Yiyan Liu
  • 2014
Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) is not indicated or recommended in the initial staging of early breast cancer. Although it is valuable for detecting distant metastasis, providing prognostic information, identifying recurrence and evaluating response to chemotherapy, the role of FDG PET/CT in evaluating(More)