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Nuclear factor of kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a sequence-specific transcription factor that is known to be involved in the inflammatory and innate immune responses. Although the importance of NF-KB in immunity is undisputed, recent evidence indicates that NF-kappaB and the signalling pathways that are involved in its activation are also important for tumour(More)
The lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LTbetaR) plays critical roles in inflammation and lymphoid organogenesis through activation of NF-kappaB. In addition to activation of the classical NF-kappaB, ligation of this receptor induces the processing of the cytosolic NF-kappaB2/p100 precursor to yield the mature p52 subunit, followed by translocation of p52 to the(More)
To identify functions of the IKKalpha subunit of IkappaB kinase that require catalytic activity, we generated an Ikkalpha(AA) knockin allele containing alanines instead of serines in the activation loop. Ikkalpha(AA/AA) mice are healthy and fertile, but females display a severe lactation defect due to impaired proliferation of mammary epithelial cells.(More)
IkappaB Kinase (IKK)alpha is required for activation of an alternative NF-kappaB signaling pathway based on processing of the NF-kappaB2/p100 precursor protein, which associates with RelB in the cytoplasm. This pathway, which activates RelB:p52 dimers, is required for induction of several chemokine genes needed for organization of secondary lymphoid organs.(More)
NF-kappaB is constitutively active in many solid tumors, including breast cancer. However, the role of NF-kappaB in breast carcinogenesis is unknown. Ikkalpha(AA/AA) "knockin" mice in which activation of IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha) is prevented by replacement of activation loop serines with alanines exhibit delayed mammary gland growth during pregnancy,(More)
Transcription factor, nuclear factor ␬ B (NF-␬ B), is required for osteoclast formation in vivo and mice lacking both of the NF-␬ B p50 and p52 proteins are osteopetrotic. Here we address the relative roles of the two catalytic subunits of the I ␬ B kinase (IKK) complex that mediate NF-␬ B activation, IKK ␣ and IKK ␤ , in osteoclast formation and(More)
Transcription factor, nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), is required for osteoclast formation in vivo and mice lacking both of the NF-kappaB p50 and p52 proteins are osteopetrotic. Here we address the relative roles of the two catalytic subunits of the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex that mediate NF-kappaB activation, IKKalpha and IKKbeta, in osteoclast(More)
IKK alpha is a component of the I kappa B kinase (IKK) complex that plays a key role in the activation of NF-kappa B. In Ikk alpha mutant mice and mice expressing a transdominant negative mutant of I kappa B alpha (cI kappa B alpha Delta N), molars have abnormal cusps, indicating that Ikk alpha is involved in cusp formation through the NF-kappa B pathway.(More)
Nuclear factor of kappaB (NF-kappaB) is a group of sequence-specific transcription factors that is best known as a key regulator of the inflammatory and innate immune responses. Recent studies of genetically engineered mice have clearly indicated that NF-kappaB is also required for proper organogenesis of several epithelial tissues, including the mammary(More)
Through the use of transgenic and gene knockout mice, several studies have identified specific genes required for the functional development of mammary epithelium. Although histological and milk protein gene analyses can provide useful information regarding functional differentiation, they are limited in their ability to precisely define the molecular(More)
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