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Meiosis is often described as a special case of cell division since it differs from mitosis in having two nuclear divisions without an intervening S-phase. It will be of great interest to uncover what molecular mechanisms underlie these special features of meiosis. We previously reported that the tardy asynchronous meiosis (tam) mutant of Arabidopsis(More)
Global warming predictions indicate that temperatures will increase by another 2-6°C by the end of this century. High temperature is a major abiotic stress limiting plant growth and productivity in many areas of the world. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a model herbaceous bioenergy crop, due to its rapid growth rate, reliable biomass yield, minimal(More)
Molecular genetics has identified dozens of genes that regulate flower development in Arabidopsis. However, the complexity of flower development suggests that many other genes are yet to be uncovered. To identify floral genes that are expressed at low levels in the flower, we have sequenced 1587 cDNA fragments from a subtractive floral cDNA library. A total(More)
Normal progression of genetic recombination requires timely degradation of many proteins, but little is known about the proteolytic mechanism. The ARABIDOPSIS SKP1-LIKE1 (ASK1) protein is a component of the Skp1-Cullin-F-box-protein (SCF) ubiquitin ligases that target a variety of proteins for degradation via the 26S proteasome pathway. Previous studies(More)
BACKGROUND Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a C4 perennial grass and widely popular as an important bioenergy crop. To accelerate the pace of developing high yielding switchgrass cultivars adapted to diverse environmental niches, the generation of genomic resources for this plant is necessary. The large genome size and polyploid nature of switchgrass(More)
The migration of nucleolus to the nuclear periphery and the onset of homologous chromosome synapsis are characteristics of the leptotene to zygotene transition in meiocytes. Little is known about the genes regulating these processes in eukaryotes. Here we report the characterization of morphological defects in prophase I in microsporocytes in the(More)
Formation of polyploid organisms by fertilization of unreduced gametes in meiotic mutants is believed to be a common phenomenon in species evolution. However, not well understood is how species in nature generally exist as haploid and diploid organisms in a long evolutionary time while polyploidization must have repeatedly occurred via meiotic mutations.(More)
Mutations that eliminate chloroplast translation in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) result in embryo lethality. The stage of embryo arrest, however, can be influenced by genetic background. To identify genes responsible for improved growth in the absence of chloroplast translation, we examined seedling responses of different Arabidopsis accessions on(More)
Bile acids (BAs) are a group of important physiological agents for cholesterol metabolism, intestinal nutrient absorption, and biliary secretion of lipids, toxic metabolites, and xenobiotics. Extensive research in the last two decades has unveiled new functions of BAs as signaling molecules and metabolic regulators that modulate hepatic lipid, glucose, and(More)
Recent metabonomic studies have identified an important role of bile acids in patients with liver cirrhosis. Serum bile acids, such as glycocholate (GCA), glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDCA), taurocholate (TCA), and taurochenodeoxycholate (TCDCA), increased significantly in liver cirrhosis patients. Our recently published urinary metabonomic study showed that(More)