Yixing Cheng

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Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is an important membrane-bound receptor for recognizing double-stranded RNA in innate immunity. In this study, we described the cloning and characterization of the Muscovy duck TLR3 (MdTLR3) gene. The full-length MdTLR3 cDNA (2,836 bp) encoded a polypeptide of 895 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence contained 4 main(More)
The cyclic tetrapeptide HC-toxin is an essential virulence determinant for the plant pathogenic fungus Cochliobolus carbonum and an inhibitor of histone deacetylase. The major form of HC-toxin contains the D-isomers of Ala and Pro. The non-ribosomal peptide synthetase that synthesizes HC-toxin has only one epimerizing domain for conversion of L-Pro to(More)
Scaffold architecture, surface topography, biochemical and mechanical cues have been shown to significantly improve cellular events and in vivo tissue regeneration. Specifically electrospun nanofiber matrices have gained tremendous interest due to their intrinsic structural resemblance to native tissue extracellular matrix (ECM). The present study reports(More)
The cyclic tetrapeptide HC-toxin is required for pathogenicity of the filamentous fungus Cochliobolus carbonum on maize. HC-toxin production is controlled by a complex locus, TOX2. The isolation and characterization of a new gene of the TOX2 locus, TOXF, is reported. It is shown that TOXF is specifically required for HC-toxin production and pathogenicity.(More)
The filamentous fungus Cochliobolus carbonum produces endo-alpha 1,4-polygalacturonase (endoPG), exo-alpha 1,4-polygalacturonase (exoPG), and pectin methylesterase when grown in culture on pectin. Residual activity in a pgn1 mutant (lacking endoPG) was due to exoPG activity, and the responsible protein has now been purified. After chemical deglycosylation,(More)
Thymidylate kinase derived from the blast cells of human chronic myelocytic leukemia was purified 2186-fold to near homogeneity by means of alcohol precipitation, alumina-Cgamma gel fractionation, calcium phosphate gel fraction, ultrafiltration, and affinity column chromatography. The molecular weight was estimated by glycerol gradient centrifugation to be(More)
A thermo-responsive poly{γ-2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy-ε-caprolactone}-b-poly(γ-octyloxy-ε-caprolactone) (PMEEECL-b-POCTCL) diblock copolymer was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization using tin octanoate (Sn(Oct)(2)) catalyst and a fluorescent dansyl initiator. The PMEEECL-b-POCTCL had a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of 38 °C, and(More)
HC-toxin, cyclo(D-Pro-L-Ala-D-Ala-L-Aeo), where Aeo stands for 2-amino-9,10-epoxi-8-oxodecanoic acid, is a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylase. Previous molecular genetic studies indicated that HC-toxin biosynthesis requires a dedicated fatty acid synthase. The incorporation of [13C]acetate into HC-toxin was studied using NMR. The pattern of(More)
A reproducible enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using Marek's disease virus (MDV)-infected cells for the detection of antibodies to MDV is described. The optimum number of MDV-infected chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) was 5 X 10(4)/well, and test sera were positive at 1:400 dilutions. Compared with a purified virus preparation, MDV-infected CEF(More)
The effect of the core substituent structure on the micellar behavior of thermoresponsive amphiphilic poly(εcaprolactone) diblock copolymer micelles was investigated through a combination of experimental and computational methods. The polycaprolactone (PCL) amphiphilic block copolymers used in this study consisted of a hydrophilic(More)