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The Tor network is a widely used system for anonymous communication. However, Tor is known to be vulnerable to attackers who can observe traffic at both ends of the communication path. In this paper, we show that prior attacks are just the tip of the iceberg. We present a suite of new attacks, called Raptor, that can be launched by Autonomous Systems (ASes)(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 1 (ERAP1) is an essential component of the immune system, because it trims peptide precursors and generates the N--restricted epitopes. To examine ERAP1's unique properties of length- and sequence-dependent processing of antigen precursors, we report a 2.3 Å resolution complex structure of the ERAP1 regulatory domain.(More)
Present a suite of new attacks, called Raptor attacks, that can be launched by Autonomous Systems (ASes) to compromise user anonymity over the Tor network. Design and build countermeasures to defend against active routing attacks on Tor. We propose a new relay selection algorithm to proactively protect Tor users from being affected in an active attack, and(More)
—Tor is vulnerable to network-level adversaries who can observe both ends of the communication to deanonymize users. Recent work has shown that Tor is susceptible to the previously unknown active BGP routing attacks, called RAPTOR attacks, which expose Tor users to more network-level adversaries. In this paper, we aim to mitigate and detect such active(More)
This paper presents a flexible capacitive tactile sensing array based on Flexible Printed Circuit Board(FPCB) technology. Several prototype flexible tactile sensors have been successfully fabricated by using simple processes. The sensing array consists of two flexible printed circuit boards as sensing electrodes and insulation layer between them. This(More)
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