Yixiang Xu

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To evaluate the possible prognostic value of Steroid Receptor Coactivator-1 (SRC-1) and Twist1 expression in human breast cancer, we examined SRC-1 and Twist1 expression using immunohistochemistry on tissue microarray sections containing 137 breast cancer specimens. All patients were followed up for a median of 5 years following surgery. Survival curves(More)
The transcriptional coactivator SRC-3 plays a key role in enhancing prostate cancer cell proliferation. Although SRC-3 is highly expressed in advanced prostate cancer, its role in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) driven by PTEN mutation is unknown. We documented elevated SRC-3 in human CRPC and in PTEN-negative human prostate cancer. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nuclear receptors such as pregnane X receptor and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are important regulators of drug-metabolizing systems such as P450 enzymes and modulate xenobiotic metabolism as well as hepatocellular proliferation. Binding of CAR to NR response elements alone is not sufficient to activate gene expression. Here, we(More)
In breast cancer, overexpression of the nuclear coactivator NCOA1 (SRC-1) is associated with disease recurrence and resistance to endocrine therapy. To examine the impact of NCOA1 overexpression on morphogenesis and carcinogenesis in the mammary gland (MG), we generated MMTV-hNCOA1 transgenic [Tg(NCOA1)] mice. In the context of two distinct transgenic(More)
Twist1 promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, metastasis, stemness, and chemotherapy resistance in cancer cells and thus is a potential target for cancer therapy. However, Twist1-null mice are embryonic lethal, and people with one Twist1 germline mutant allele develop Saethre-Chotzen syndrome; it is questionable whether Twist1 can be targeted(More)
Twist1 is a transcription factor driving epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells. Mice with germ-line Twist1 knockout are embryonic lethal, while adult mice with inducible Twist1 knockout have no obvious health problems, suggesting that Twist1 is a viable therapeutic target for the inhibition of invasion and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by activated macrophages and lymphocytes and involved in many inflammatory diseases. Preventing the production or action of TNF-α is a potent therapeutic strategy for these inflammatory diseases. Since there is a lack of rapid and effective assay for examining the expression TNF-α in(More)
The heterogeneous breast cancers can be classified into different subtypes according to their histopathological characteristics and molecular signatures. Foxa1 expression is linked with luminal breast cancer (LBC) with good prognosis, whereas Twist1 expression is associated with basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) with poor prognosis owing to its role in(More)
Steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3) is a multifunctional protein that plays an important role in regulation of bacterial LPS-induced inflammation. However, its involvement in host defense against bacterial infection remains unclear. In this study, we used SRC-3 knockout mice to assess the role of SRC-3 in antibacterial defense in Escherichia coli-induced(More)
Nuclear receptor coactivator 1 (NCOA1) is overexpressed in a subset of breast cancer and its increased expression positively correlates with disease recurrence and metastasis. Although NCOA1 is known to promote breast cancer metastasis through working with multiple transcription factors to upregulate the expression of Twist1, ITGA5, CSF-1, SDF1 and CXCR4,(More)