Learn More
Induction of Ag-specific regulatory T cells (iTregs) by vaccination is a promising strategy for treating autoimmune diseases. We previously demonstrated that DNA and protein covaccination converted naive T cells to Ag-specific iTregs by inducing CD11c+CD40(low)IL-10+ regulatory dendritic cells (DCregs). However, it is unclear how coimmunization induces the(More)
Praziquantel (PZQ), which is used to treat all forms of schistosomiasis, has been shown to induce strong T cell activities and decrease T regulatory cell levels. In our study, we investigated whether PZQ may be used as an adjuvant for a hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) DNA vaccine (pcD-S2) in eliciting strong humoral and cellular responses. Our data(More)
Chronic viral hepatitis B (CHB) is a major global health problem. A therapeutic vaccine for CHB comprised of yeast-derived recombinant HBsAg-anti-HBs immunogenic complexes (YIC) has been devloped by us. A series of clinical trials has shown its therapeutic efficacy in decreasing HBV viral load and converting serum HBeAg-positive to anti-HBe-positive status(More)
The induction of relatively weak immunity by DNA vaccines in humans can be largely attributed to the low efficiency of transduction of somatic cells. Although formulation with liposomes has been shown to enhance DNA transduction of cultured cells, little, if any, effect is observed on the transduction of somatic tissues and cells. To improve the rate of(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection can cause severe disease in the lower respiratory tract of infants and older people. Vaccination with a formalin-inactivated RSV vaccine (FI-RSV) and subsequent RSV infection has led to mild to severe pneumonia with two deaths among vaccinees. The vaccine-enhanced disease (VED) was recently demonstrated to be due(More)
Tolerance controls the magnitude of inflammation, and balance between beneficial and harmful effects of inflammation is crucial for organ function and survival. Inadequate tolerance leads to various inflammatory diseases. Antigen specific tolerance is ideal for inflammation control as alternative anti-inflammatory interventions are non-specific and(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) restrict overexuberant lymphocyte activation. While close proximity between Tregs and their suppression targets is important for optimal inhibition, and literature indicates that draining lymph nodes (LNs) may serve as a prime location for the suppression, signaling details orchestrating this event are not fully characterized.(More)
  • 1