Yiu-Wing Mai

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We report the fabrication of novel multiferroic nanostructured bismuth ferrite (BiFeO(3)) fibers using the sol-gel based electrospinning technique. Phase pure BiFeO(3) fibers were prepared by thermally annealing the electrospun BiFeO(3)/polyvinylpyrrolidone composite fibers in air for 1 h at 600 °C. The x-ray diffraction pattern of the fibers (BiFeO(3))(More)
This paper presents an experimental study on the evaluation of bridging law for a z-pin. The relationship between the z-pin bridging force and its displacement was measured by z-pin pullout tests. The tests were carried out using three types of samples with: single small pin; 3·3 small-pins (three columns· three rows) and 3·3 big-pins. For 3·3 small-pins(More)
Diaphragm forming of fibre/epoxy materials is a potential cost-effective approach in manufacturing aerospace components. Significant intra-ply shearing is essential in diaphragm forming a double-curvature geometry. In previous studies, the intra-ply shearing was addressed based on an ideal fibre reinforced fluid (IFRF) model. The IFRF model was tried in the(More)
Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) fibers with diameters ranging from 70 to 400 nm are produced by electrospinning and the effect of fiber size on the ferroelectric β-crystalline phase is determined. Domain switching and associated ferro-/piezo-electric properties of the electrospun PVDF fibers were also determined. The fibers showed well-defined(More)
We report on in situ formation of hollow graphitic carbon nanospheres (HGCNs) in amorphous carbon nanofibers (ACNFs) by a combination of electrospinning, calcination and acid treatment. The prepared carbon nanofibers contain many HGCNs on which defects such as discontinuous graphene sheets with a large d-spacing in their wall exist and provide extra sites(More)
This study demonstrates that large-size graphene oxide (GO) sheets can impart a tremendous positive impact on self-alignment, electrical conductivity, and mechanical properties of graphene papers. There is a remarkable, more than 3-fold improvement in electrical conductivity of the papers made from ultralarge GO sheets (with an average area of 272.2 μm(2))(More)
The barrier properties of polymer-clay nanocomposites, with far less inorganic contents of layered-silicate fillers, are remarkably superior to those of neat polymers or their conventional counterparts. A simple renormalization group model is proposed to assess the influence of geometric factors (such as aspect ratio, orientation, and extent of exfoliation)(More)
By a novel in situ chemical vapor deposition, activated N-doped hollow carbon-nanotube/carbon-nanofiber composites are prepared having a superhigh specific Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of 1840 m(2) g(–1) and a total pore volume of 1.21 m(3) g(–1). As an anode, this material has a reversible capacity of ~1150 mAh g(–1) at 0.1 A g(–1) (0.27 C)(More)
Tissue scaffolds are typically designed and fabricated to match native bone properties. However, it is unclear if this would lead to the best tissue ingrowth outcome within the scaffold as neo-tissue keeps changing the stiffness of entire construct. This paper presents a numerical method to address this issue for design optimization and assessment of tissue(More)
For a two-dimensional piezoelectric plate, the thermoelectroelastic Green's functions for bimaterials subjected to a temperature discontinuity are presented by way of Stroh formalism. The study shows that the thermoelectroelastic Green's functions for bimaterials are composed of a particular solution and a corrective solution. All the solutions have their(More)