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A general and versatile method for the site-specific incorporation of polypyridine Ru(II) and Os(II) complexes into DNA oligonucleotides using solid-phase phosphoramidite chemistry is reported. Novel nucleosides containing a [(bpy)(2)M(3-ethynyl-1,10-phenanthroline)](2+) (M = Ru, Os) metal center covalently attached to the 5-position in 2'-deoxyuridine are(More)
The HIV-1 Dimerization Initiation Site (DIS) is an intriguing, yet underutilized, viral RNA target for potential antiretroviral therapy. To study the recognition features of this target and to provide a quantitative, rapid, and real-time tool for the discovery of new binders, a fluorescence-based assay has been constructed. It relies on strategic(More)
A fluorescent ribonucleoside alphabet consisting of highly emissive purine ((th)A, (th)G) and pyrimidine ((th)U, (th)C) analogues, all derived from thieno[3,4-d]pyrimidine as the heterocyclic nucleus, is described. Structural and biophysical analyses demonstrated that the emissive analogues are faithful isomorphic nucleoside surrogates. Photophysical(More)
The lack of high RNA target selectivity displayed by aminoglycoside antibiotics results from both their electrostatically driven binding mode and their conformational adaptability. The inherent flexibility around their glycosidic bonds allows them to easily assume a variety of conformations, permitting them to structurally adapt to diverse RNA targets. This(More)
The HIV-1 Rev protein plays a pivotal role in viral replication, and therefore, inhibition of its function should block the progression of the virus-induced immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Here, RNA molecules have been shown to inhibit import of the HIV-1 Rev protein into nuclei of permeabilized cells. Nuclear uptake of biotinylated recombinant(More)
Dangerous, antibiotic resistant bacteria have been observed with increasing frequency over the past several decades. In this review the factors that have been linked to this phenomenon are addressed. Profiles of bacterial species that are deemed to be particularly concerning at the present time are illustrated. Factors including economic impact, intrinsic(More)
several other RNA motifs form well-defined complexes with individual aminoglycosides, which makes these antibiotics excellent model ligands for the study of RNA recognition. The target “promiscuity” of the aminoglycosides has been attributed to two major factors: 1) their highly charged nature, which is responsible for their eletrostatically driven(More)
Semisynthetic aminoglycoside derivatives may provide a means to selectively target viral RNA sites, including the HIV-1 Rev response element (RRE). The design, synthesis, and evaluation of derivatives based upon neomycin B, kanamycin A, and tobramycin conjugates of 9-aminoacridine are presented. To evaluate the importance of the acridine moiety, a series of(More)
To quantitatively understand the binding affinity and target selectivity of small-molecule RNA interactions, it is useful to have a rapid, highly reproducible binding assay that can be readily generalized to different RNA targets. To that end, an assay has been developed and validated for measuring the binding of low-molecular weight ligands to RNA by(More)