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To assess the role of circulating immune complexes in the pathogenesis of acute rejection, sera were measured for such complexes by the (125)I-C1(q) binding assay in 45 normal subjects, 24 allografted patients undergoing acute rejection, and in 11 allografted patients in a quiescent phase. Increased C1(q)-binding activity (C1(q)-BA) was detected in 14(More)
Fibronectin is a glycoprotein shown previously to be present on the surfaces of cells, connective tissue matrices, and in extracellular fluids. Its distribution in the human kidney was evaluated by immunofluorescence methods studying 65 renal biopsies with a variety of pathologic disorders. Fibronectin was found in the mesangium of the normal kidney and(More)
Immunosuppressants have been widely used in renal transplantation, in which ischemia-reperfusion injury is inevitable. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a relative novel immunosuppressant and also attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury in the acute phase, but its long-term effects are still obscure. Unilateral renal ischemia-reperfusion injury model was(More)
Evidence is provided which demonstrates that conditioned media of cultured endothelial cells derived from human umbilical veins contained a factor which stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell [3H]thymidine uptake. A dose-dependent response in peripheral blood mononuclear cell [3H]thymidine uptake was obtained when cells were incubated with increasing(More)
Soluble histamine added to mouse peritoneal macrophages in culture suppressed the synthesis of the functional and antigenic complement component C5. Synthesis of intracellular C5 antigen by resident macrophages was suppressed by 16 to 80%, and functional C5 activity by 13.6 to 87.2% at concentrations of histamine ranging from 10(-6) M to 10(-3) M,(More)
Experimental studies have demonstrated the cardinal role played by the mononuclear phagocyte system in the removal of antigen-antibody complexes. To assess the functional capacity of phagocytes in patients with renal disease, 33 normal subjects, 10 patients with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, 8 patients with membranous nephropathy, and 8(More)
Immunofluorescent studies have suggested that immune complex deposition is the pathogenetic mechanism responsible for MGN and diffuse PGN. Despite this common mechanism, both renal disorders show considerable differences in the rate of progression of renal functional deterioration. To examine whether differences in the amounts of circulating immune(More)
Immune complexes were detected in the serum of patients with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) Types I and II, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (AGN) by sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation and by measurement of Clq binding activity (Clq-BA). Clq-BA was more sensitive in detecting complexes(More)
The porcine neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-residue peptide amide, was synthesized by assembling six peptide fragments followed by thioanisole-mediated deprotection with trifluoromethanesulfonic acid in trifluoroacetic acid. beta-Cycloheptyl aspartate, Asp(OChp), was employed to suppress base-catalyzed succinimide formation. When administered to dogs, the(More)