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N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) mediate ischemic brain damage but also mediate essential neuronal excitation. To treat stroke without blocking NMDARs, we transduced neurons with peptides that disrupted the interaction of NMDARs with the postsynaptic density protein PSD-95. This procedure dissociated NMDARs from downstream neurotoxic signaling(More)
Drug-dependent neural plasticity related to drug addiction and schizophrenia can be modeled in animals as behavioral sensitization, which is induced by repeated noncontingent or self-administration of many drugs of abuse. Molecular mechanisms that are critical for behavioral sensitization have yet to be specified. Long-term depression (LTD) of(More)
Well-documented experimental evidence from both in vitro and in vivo models of stroke strongly supports the critical involvement of NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity in neuronal damage after stroke. Despite this, the results of clinical trials testing NMDA receptor antagonists as neuroprotectants after stroke and brain trauma have been discouraging.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To study whether intravascular or hemodynamic factors contribute to the marked neuroprotective effect of albumin therapy in focal cerebral ischemia, 2 complementary methods were applied: laser-scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and laser-Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI). METHODS In the LSCM study, Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
An enriched environment has been shown to improve cognitive, behavioral and histopathological outcome after focal cerebral ischemia and head trauma. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an enriched environment on histopathology following global cerebral ischemia. Wistar rats (21 weeks of age) were placed in different environments(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Postsynaptic density-95 inhibitors reduce ischemic brain damage without inhibiting excitatory neurotransmission, circumventing the negative consequences of glutamatergic inhibition. However, their efficacy in permanent ischemia and in providing permanent neuroprotection and neurobehavioral improvement in a practical therapeutic window(More)
BACKGROUND Medicinal plants used by the local people in Xizang (Tibet) have been investigated since the 1960s. The others out of Xizang, however, have been less understood, although they may be easily and strongly influenced by the various local herbal practices, diverse environments, local religious beliefs and different prevalent types of diseases. In(More)
  • Changiz Taghibiglou, Henry G S Martin, Ted Weita Lai, Taesup Cho, Shiv Prasad, Luba Kojic +10 others
  • 2009
Excitotoxic neuronal damage caused by overactivation of N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptors (NMDARs) is thought to be a principal cause of neuronal loss after stroke and brain trauma. Here we report that activation of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) transcription factor in affected neurons is an essential step in NMDAR-mediated(More)
Developing new therapeutants for stroke requires animal models in which typical stroke outcomes can be detected. In rats, temporary occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) closely resembles reversible human ischemic stroke, but most neuroprotection studies have used limited, short-term (1-2 weeks) behavioural and histological endpoints in this model.(More)
Hemodynamic changes are extremely important in analyzing responses from a brain subjected to a stimulus or treatment. The Laser Doppler technique has emerged as an important tool in neuroscience research. This non-invasive method scans a low-power laser beam in a raster pattern over a tissue surface to generate the time course of images in unit of relative(More)