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STA-9090 is a second-generation Hsp90 inhibitor in clinical development by Synta Pharmaceuticals for the intravenous treatment of hematological and solid malignancies. It is a resorcinol-containing triazole compound, with a novel chemical structure that is unrelated to the geldanamycin class of Hsp90 inhibitors. STA-9090 binds to the ATP-binding domain at(More)
The goal of this study was to characterize and classify pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors based on array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). Using aCGH, we performed karyotype analysis of 33 small cell lung cancer (SCLC) tumors, 13 SCLC cell lines, 19 bronchial carcinoids, and 9 gastrointestinal carcinoids. In contrast to the relatively conserved(More)
We analyzed 28 thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) using next-generation sequencing and identified a missense mutation (chromosome 7 c.74146970T>A) in GTF2I at high frequency in type A thymomas, a relatively indolent subtype. In a series of 274 TETs, we detected the GTF2I mutation in 82% of type A and 74% of type AB thymomas but rarely in the aggressive(More)
PURPOSE A key challenge in the treatment of thymoma and thymic carcinoma (TC) is in improving our understanding of the molecular biology of these relatively rare tumors. In recent years, significant efforts have been made to dissect the molecular pathways involved in their carcinogenesis. Here we discuss the results of large-scale genomic analyses conducted(More)
The role of microRNAs in small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is largely unknown. miR-34a is known as a p53 regulated tumor suppressor microRNA in many cancer types. However, its therapeutic implication has never been studied in SCLC, a cancer type with frequent dysfunction of p53. We investigated the expression of a panel of 7 microRNAs (miR-21, miR-29b,(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of c-kit, a tyrosine kinase receptor protein encoded by the protooncogene kit, has been previously reported in thymic epithelial tumors and in other neoplasms such as gastrointestinal stromal tumors, myeloproliferative disorders, melanoma, and seminoma. Mutations in the kit gene have been related to response to imatinib in(More)
The pathogenesis of dengue virus (DV) infection has not been completely defined and change of redox status mediated by depletion of glutathione (GSH) in host cell is a common result of viral infection. Our previous study has demonstrated that DV serotype 2 (DV2) infection alters host intracellular GSH levels, and exogenous GSH inhibits viral production by(More)
In the past decade, a shift toward targeted therapies in non-small-cell lung cancer following molecular profiling has dramatically changed the way advanced adenocarcinoma is treated. However, tumor cells inevitably acquire resistance to such therapies, circumventing any sustained clinical benefit. As the genomic classification of lung cancer continues to(More)
PURPOSE TrkB has been involved in poor cancer outcome. TrkB mutations have been reported in non-small cell lung cancer. In this study, we aimed at characterizing the role of three potentially sensitizing TrkB mutations previously reported in lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We characterized three activation loop mutants of TrkB (M713I, R715G, and R734C)(More)
Genetic alterations and etiology of thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) are largely unknown, hampering the development of effective targeted therapies for patients with TETs. Here TETs of advanced-stage patients enrolled in a clinical trial of molecularly-guided targeted therapies were employed for targeted sequencing of 197 cancer-associated genes. Comparative(More)