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OBJECTIVE Benzathine penicillin G is recommended for secondary prophylaxis of rheumatic fever. Its main disadvantage is local pain and discomfort associated with the injection. Lidocaine as a diluent may reduce this discomfort. We compared the administration of benzathine penicillin G with two diluents; sterile water and lidocaine hydrochloride 1% for… (More)
Hyperargininemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of the last step of the urea cycle characterized by a deficiency in liver arginase1. Clinically, it differs from other urea cycle defects by a progressive paraparesis of the lower limbs (spasticity and contractures) with hyperreflexia, neurodevelopmental delay and regression in early childhood. Growth… (More)
Administration of ceftriaxone for 5 days has been shown to be highly efficient in the treatment of severe shigellosis in children. Our study, involving 40 children, demonstrated that a 2-day course of ceftriaxone was as beneficial as a 5-day course and constituted effective therapy for children with severe shigellosis.
The database of a major microbiology laboratory in Israel was searched to determine the prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacterial lymphadenitis in immunocompetent children. We observed a 4-fold increase in nontuberculous mycobacteria isolates during 1985-2006, which was attributable mainly to increased detection of Mycobacterium haemophilum starting in… (More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Arachnoid cysts are generally identified incidentally on brain imaging, although they occasionally cause symptoms because of expansion or bleeding. This study aims to describe patients in whom an arachnoid cyst was identified on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study performed for the evaluation of headache in a pediatric headache… (More)
The aim of the study was to investigate clinical features of headache associated with minor versus moderate to severe traumatic brain injury and of posttraumatic versus primary headache in children and adolescents. Study group included 74 patients after mild (n = 60) or moderate to severe (n = 14) traumatic brain injury identified by retrospective review of… (More)