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In China, there are currently no approved therapies for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) following progression with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted agents. In the phase 3 RECORD-1 trial, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor everolimus afforded clinical benefit with good tolerability in Western patients(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of sorafenib in the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have been confirmed in an international collaborative phase III trial. This study aims to confirm similar efficacy and treatment-induced toxicities of sorafenib in the treatment of metastatic RCC in ethnic Chinese patients. METHODS Ninety-eight consecutive and(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that bind protein-coding mRNAs and negatively regulate protein expression by translation repression or mRNA cleavage. Accumulating evidence suggests that miRNAs are involved in cancer development and progression, acting as either tumor suppressors or oncogenes. It has been shown that miR-199a-3p was(More)
OBJECTIVE Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is characterized by overexpression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in bladder tissues and induction of mast cell (MC) degranulation. This study was undertaken to explore the mechanism of action of MCP-1 in the development of IC/BPS. METHODS A rat model of IC/BPS was developed by(More)
BACKGROUND This registrational trial evaluated the efficacy, safety, and patient-reported outcomes of axitinib versus sorafenib as a second-line treatment in Asian patients with clear-cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). METHODS In this open-label, multicenter study, previously treated Asian patients with clear-cell mRCC were stratified by Eastern(More)
Generation of germ cells from pluripotent stem cells in vitro could have great application for treating infertility and provides an excellent model for uncovering molecular mechanisms controlling gametogenesis. In this study, we explored the differentiation potential of mouse induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells towards male germ cells. Embryoid body(More)
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths of men. Bmi-1, a member of PcG family of proteins, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer, and disturbed profile of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been found in prostate cancer tissues. How Bmi-1 is regulated by miRNAs is unclear. In this study, we screened 18 miRNAs that(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) in patients' prognosis with localized papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC). METHODS Data from 218 localized pRCC patients (T1-3 N0/+ M0), operated between 1991 and 2011 at two centers, were evaluated retrospectively. Univariable and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) on renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tumor proliferation, migration, and development of drug resistance, thus underlying their potential as therapeutic targets in RCC patients. CAFs were grown in primary cultures. The in vitro model of interaction of RCC cell lines with CAFs(More)