Yiqiong Zhao

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As a fundamental property of light, the angular momentum of photons has been of great interest. Here, we demonstrate that optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion can occur in a homogeneous and isotropic medium. This Letter presents both theoretical and experimental studies of this conversion in a tightly focused beam and shows that the orbital(More)
Single-cell nanosurgery and the ability to manipulate nanometer-sized subcellular structures with optical tweezers has widespread applications in biology but so far has been limited by difficulties in maintaining the functionality of the transported subcellular organelles. This difficulty arises because of the propensity of optical tweezers to photodamage(More)
This paper describes the use of an optical vortex trap for the transport and fusion of single femtoliter-volume aqueous droplets. Individual droplets were generated by emulsifying water in acetophenone with SPAN 80 surfactant. We demonstrate the ability of optical vortex traps to position trapped droplets precisely while excluding surrounding aqueous(More)
This paper describes the quantitative force mapping of micron-sized particles held in an optical vortex trap. We present a simple and efficient model, which accounts for the diffraction of the strongly localized optical field of the tightly focused laser beam, the spherical aberration introduced by the dielectric glass-to-water interface, employs the(More)
This paper describes a new method for carrying out flow cytometry, which employs optical gradient forces to guide and focus particles in the fluid flow. An elliptically shaped Gaussian beam was focused at the center of a microchannel to exert radiation pressure on suspended nanoparticles that are passing through the channel, such that these particles are(More)
It is well known that a circularly polarized Gaussian beam carries spin angular momentum, but not orbital angular momentum. This paper demonstrates that focusing a beam carrying spin angular momentum can induce an orbital angular momentum which we used to drive the orbital motion of a micron-sized metal particle that is trapped off the beam axis. The(More)
Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) beams have been extensively studied due to their unique structure, characterized by a phase singularity at the center of the beam. Common methods for generating such beams include the use of diffractive optical elements and spatial light modulators, which although offering excellent versatility, suffers from several drawbacks,(More)
Not merely a drop in the ocean: The integration of capillary electrophoresis (CE) with droplet generation driven by electroosmotic flow enabled the compartimentalization of molecular components separated by CE in a series of droplets (see picture; the green bars represent the separated analytes). The droplet-confined bands can be docked and studied on a(More)
The ability to accurately size low concentrations of nanoscale particles in small volumes is useful for a broad range of disciplines. Here, we characterize confocal correlation spectroscopy (CCS), which is capable of measuring the sizes of both fluorescent and nonfluorescent particles, such as quantum dots, gold colloids, latex spheres, and fluorescent(More)
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