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The inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1 mediates the potassium I(K1) current in the heart. It is encoded by KCNJ2 gene that has been linked to Andersen's syndrome. Recently, strong evidences showed that Kir2.1 channels were associated with mouse atrial fibrillation (AF), therefore we hypothesized that KCNJ2 was associated with familial AF. Thirty Chinese(More)
GATA6 is a member of the GATA family of transcription factors, and its expression and functions overlap with those of GATA4 during heart development. Mutations in GATA4 have been related to human congenital heart diseases (CHDs) in several studies, whereas mutations in GATA6 have only recently been reported in patients with persistent truncus arteriosus.(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. We first reported an S140G mutation of KCNQ1, an alpha subunit of potassium channels, in one Chinese kindred with AF. However, the molecular defects and cellular mechanisms in most patients with AF remain to be identified. We evaluated 28 unrelated Chinese(More)
Accumulating evidence reveals that genetic variants play pivotal roles in familial atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the molecular defects in most patients with AF remain to be identified. Here, we report on three novel KCNA5 mutations that were identified in 4 of 120 unrelated AF families. Among them, T527M was found in two AF families, and A576V and(More)
The KCNQ1 channel is abundantly expressed in the gastric parietal cells. Although the functional coupling of KCNQ1 with the H+/K+-ATPase has already been confirmed on the basis of pharmacological kinetics, the effect of a KCNQ1 loss-of-function mutation on gastric acidification remains unclear. In this study, parietal cells and gastric glands from both(More)
Mammals transport blood through a high-pressure, closed vascular network and lymph through a low-pressure, open vascular network. These vascular networks connect at the lymphovenous (LV) junction, where lymph drains into blood and an LV valve (LVV) prevents backflow of blood into lymphatic vessels. Here we describe an essential role for platelets in(More)
The secreted protein CCBE1 is required for lymphatic vessel growth in fish and mice, and mutations in the CCBE1 gene cause Hennekam syndrome, a primary human lymphedema. Here we show that loss of CCBE1 also confers severe anemia in midgestation mouse embryos due to defective definitive erythropoiesis. Fetal liver erythroid precursors of Ccbe1 null mice(More)
Ghrelin has been found to be associated with anti-inflammatory effects, inhibition of atherosclerotic plaque formation, and plaque stability in the cardiovascular system. We investigated whether ghrelin affected atherosclerotic plaque and inflammation found in atherosclerosis. We crossed ghrelin receptor knock out mice (growth hormone secretagogue receptor(More)
The inward rectifier potassium channel, Kir2.1, contributes to the I(K1) current in cardiac myocytes and is closely associated with atrial fibrillation. Strong evidences have shown that atrial dilatation or stretch may result in atrial fibrillation. However, the role of Kir2.1 channels in the stretch-mediated atrial fibrillation is not clear. In this study,(More)
Mammals must inflate their lungs and breathe within minutes of birth to survive. A key regulator of neonatal lung inflation is pulmonary surfactant, a lipoprotein complex which increases lung compliance by reducing alveolar surface tension (Morgan, 1971). Whether other developmental processes also alter lung mechanics in preparation for birth is unknown. We(More)