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OBJECTIVE Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is approved for treatment of acute ischemic stroke, but it increases the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Accumulating evidence suggests that von Willebrand factor (VWF) plays a pivotal role in thrombus formation and microcirculatory disturbances after ischemic stroke. By cleaving VWF, ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammatory responses and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction play important roles in brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The metalloprotease ADAMTS 13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type I motif, member 13) was shown to limit inflammatory responses through its proteolytic effects on von(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of long-lasting disability in humans. However, currently there are still no effective therapies available for promoting stroke recovery. Recent studies have shown that the adult brain has the capacity to regenerate neurons after stroke. Although this neurogenic response may be functionally important for brain repair after injury,(More)
In the mammalian brain, neurogenesis persists throughout the embryonic period and adulthood in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and the granular zone (dentate gyrus) of the hippocampus. Newborn neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the two regions play a critical role in structural and functional plasticity and neural regeneration after brain(More)
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