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Polycystin-2, the product of the gene mutated in type 2 autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), is the prototypical member of a subfamily of the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel superfamily, which is expressed abundantly in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. Here, we show by single channel studies that polycystin-2 behaves as a(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) describes a group of at least three genetically distinct disorders with almost identical clinical features1–6 that collectively affects 1:1,000 of the population7. Affected individuals typically develop large cystic kidneys and approximately one half develop end-stage renal disease by their seventh(More)
Primary cilia play a key role in the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The affected proteins, polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), interact with each other and are expressed in cilia. We found that COOH-terminal truncated PC2 (PC2-L703X), lacking the PC1 interaction region, still traffics to cilia. We examined PC2(More)
Germline mutations in PKD2 cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We have introduced a mutant exon 1 in tandem with the wild-type exon 1 at the mouse Pkd2 locus. This is an unstable allele that undergoes somatic inactivation by intragenic homologous recombination to produce a true null allele. Mice heterozygous and homozygous for this mutation,(More)
PKD2, mutations in which cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), encodes an integral membrane glycoprotein with similarity to calcium channel subunits. We induced two mutations in the mouse homologue Pkd2 (ref.4): an unstable allele (WS25; hereafter denoted Pkd2WS25) that can undergo homologous-recombination–based somatic rearrangement(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease results from mutations in PRKCSH or SEC63. The respective gene products, glucosidase IIβ and SEC63p, function in protein translocation and quality control pathways in the endoplasmic reticulum. Here we show that glucosidase IIβ and Sec63p are required in mice for adequate expression of a functional complex of the(More)
BACKGROUND PKHD1, the autosomal-recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) gene, encodes multiple alternatively spliced transcripts predicted to generate membrane-bound and secreted proteins. The longest open reading frame encodes polyductin (fibrocystin), a putative 4074 amino acid protein with a single transmembrane domain and an intracellular(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is characterized by the loss-of-function of a signaling complex involving polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 (TRPP2, an ion channel of the TRP superfamily), resulting in a disturbance in intracellular Ca(2+) signaling. Here, we identified the molecular determinants of the interaction between TRPP2 and the inositol(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is caused by mutations in the genes encoding polycystin-1 (PC-1) and polycystin-2 (PC-2). PC-1 cleavage releases its cytoplasmic C-terminal tail (CTT), which enters the nucleus. To determine whether PC-1 CTT cleavage is influenced by PC-2, a quantitative cleavage assay was utilized, in which the DNA binding and(More)
Mutations in PRKCSH, encoding the β-subunit of glucosidase II, an N-linked glycan-processing enzyme in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), cause autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease. We found that mutations in SEC63, encoding a component of the protein translocation machinery in the ER, also cause this disease. These findings are suggestive of a role for(More)