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The zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) was originally identified as a host factor that inhibits the replication of Moloney murine leukemia virus. Here we report that ZAP inhibits HIV-1 infection by promoting the degradation of specific viral mRNAs. Overexpression of ZAP rendered cells resistant to HIV-1 infection in a ZAP expression level-dependent manner,(More)
The zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) is a host factor that specifically inhibits the replication of certain viruses by eliminating viral mRNAs in the cytoplasm. In previous studies, we demonstrated that ZAP directly binds to the viral mRNAs and recruits the RNA exosome to degrade the target RNA. In this article, we provide evidence that a DEXH box RNA(More)
A velogenic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain, designated as SRZ03, was isolated from an egg layer flock with NDV vaccine immunization failure in China in 2003. Recombination was found in the F gene of SRZ03. Complete genome sequences analysis indicated that the N-terminal of SRZ03 F gene originated from a genotype II NDV strain, whereas the C-terminal(More)
The zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) is a host factor that inhibits the replication of many viruses by preventing the accumulation of viral mRNAs in the cytoplasm. ZAP specifically binds to the viral mRNA and recruits the cellular RNA degradation machinery to degrade the target RNA. In this article, we will review the work to date in understanding the(More)
The role of autophagy in cancer development and response to cancer therapy has been a subject of debate. Here we demonstrate that a series of ruthenium(II) complexes containing a β-carboline alkaloid as ligand can simultaneously induce autophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. These Ru(II) complexes are nuclear permeable and highly active against a panel of(More)
BACKGROUND The zinc-finger antiviral protein (ZAP) is a host factor that specifically inhibits the replication of certain viruses, including Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMLV), HIV-1, and certain alphaviruses and filoviruses. ZAP binds to specific viral mRNAs and recruits cellular mRNA degradation machinery to degrade the target RNA. The common features(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is one of the main chemical constituents of green tea, which has been used as an important traditional Chinese medicine. Green tea has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and immunomodulatory properties. However, the effects of EGCG on vitiligo are not known. We assessed the role of EGCG in vitiligo induced by monobenzone in(More)
  • Michael Seeborg, Michael C. Seeborg, Zhenhu Jin, Yiping Zhu
  • 2017
As the Chinese economy reforms, a huge new floating population of rural-urban migrants is transforming the urban labor force. This article explores some of the most important reasons for the emergence of the floating population in China. We argue that the neoclassical model alone is not adequate to explain the massive rural-urban internal migration underway(More)
Water flow has been widely accepted as a target to suppress algae blooms. However, the effectiveness of the flow regulation is unclear due to lack of hard evidences to illuminate the direct cause-effect relationship between hydrodynamic forces and algae growth. In this study, a field observation at a freshwater lake was conducted weekly or biweekly from(More)
This study demonstrates both prokaryotic and eukaryotic community structures and dominant taxonomies in different positions of the greatest estuary reservoir for drinking water source in the world in four seasons of one year using 454 pyrosequencing method with total of 312,949 16S rRNA and 374,752 18S rRNA gene fragments, including 1,652 bacteria OTUs and(More)