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One of the reasons for the limitation of bandwidth in current generation wireless networks is the spectrum policy of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). But, with the spectrum policy reform, open spectrum wireless networks, and spectrum agile radios are set to drive next general wireless networks. In this paper, we investigate continuous-time(More)
Spectrum is one of the most precious radio resources. With the increasing demand for wireless communication, efficiently using the spectrum resource has become an essential issue. With the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) spectrum policy reform, secondary spectrum sharing has gained increasing interest. One of the policy reforms introduces the(More)
We explore the price dynamics in a competitive market consisting of spectrum agile network service providers and users. Here, multiple self interested spectrum providers operating with different technologies and costs compete for potential customers. Different buyers or consumers may evaluate the same seller differently depending on their applications,(More)
Distributed power control is an important issue in wireless networks. Recently, noncooperative game theory has been applied to investigate interesting solutions to this problem. The majority of these studies assumes that the transmitter power level can take values in a continuous domain. However, recent trends such as the GSM standard and Qualcomm's(More)
With the explosive growth of wireless multimedia applications over the wireless Internet in recent years, the demand for radio spectral resources has increased significantly. In order to meet the quality of service, delay, and large bandwidth requirements, various techniques such as source and channel coding, distributed streaming, multicast etc. have been(More)
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) associated with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is an emerging infectious disease. 12 patients with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in our study were presented mainly with fever and severe malaise. The clinical manifestations typically became worse on the 6th or 7th(More)
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infection caused by a novel Bunyavirus. Analysis on the dynamic changes of clinical, laboratory, and immunological abnormalities associated with SFTS in a concurrent study is lacking. Thirty-three SFTS patients were admitted to Jiangsu People's Hospital, Nanjing, China, and diagnosis was made(More)
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) results in neural cell death and white matter injury in premature infants. No therapeutic strategy is currently available against this disorder. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling suppresses oligodendrocyte development through basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors and promotes astrocytosis. Therefore,(More)
Wireless multimedia services currently suffer due to limited bandwidth. One of the reasons for this limitation was the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) spectrum regulation policy. But, with the advantage of open spectrum wireless networking the bandwidth constraint will be minimized. In this paper, a Markov model is presented and used to analyze(More)
Objective and design: This study investigated whether prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-induced synovial plasma extravasation.¶Materials and methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rat knee joints were perfused with 5-HT and synovial capillary Evans Blue dye leakage was measured using spectrophotometry. Cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitors and(More)