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—Supply voltage reduction with process scaling has made the design of analog, RF and mixed mode circuits increasingly difficult. In this paper, we present the design of an ultra-low voltage, low power and highly integrated dual-mode receiver for 2.4-GHz ISM-band applications. The receiver operates reliably from 0.55–0.65 V and is compatible with commercial(More)
We explore the challenges of designing RF transceivers for an ultra-low-voltage (ULV) supply with performance that is compatible to commercial standards. The ITRS roadmap projects that the aggressive device size scaling will result in supply voltage reductions to well below 1V, in particular for low-power technologies. The use of alternative energy sources(More)
This paper describes a 2.1-GHz CMOS front-end with a single-ended low noise amplifier (LNA) and a double balanced, current-driven passive mixer. The LNA features an on-chip transformer load to perform single-ended to differential conversion. Implemented in a 0.13 um CMOS process, it achieves 30 dB conversion gain, a low noise figure of 3.1 dB, a 40 kHz 1/f(More)
The success of Computer Integrated Manufacturing System (CIMS) in petrochemical enterprises relies on correct and systematic research of enterprise integration, including information integration, function integration and software integration. The information integration is the foundation of the other two. However, traditional information integration methods(More)
In this work, electrophoretic deposition (EPD) is reported to form gallium thin film with high deposition rate and low cost while avoiding the highly toxic chemicals typically used in electroplating. A maximum deposition rate of ~0.6 μm/min, almost one order of magnitude higher than the typical value reported for electroplating, is obtained when employing a(More)