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Drastically different two-phase microstructures have been reported for alloy epitaxial films, including self-organized nanoscale concentration modulations of vertical and lateral stripes. To understand the disparity of these microstructures, we study their formation mechanisms via spinodal decomposition during film deposition with the aid of computer(More)
The morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), which is the boundary separating a tetragonal phase from a rhombohedral phase by varying the composition or mechanical pressure in ferroelectrics, has been studied extensively for decades because it can lead to strong enhancement of piezoelectricity. Recently, a parallel ferromagnetic MPB was experimentally reported in(More)
To make users put much confidence in digital signatures, this paper proposes the first provably secure signature scheme based on both factoring and discrete logarithms. The new scheme incorporates both the Schnorr signature scheme and the PSS-Rabin signature scheme. Unless both the two cryptographic assumptions could be become solved simultaneously, anyone(More)
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